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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.88 –:– The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) Performed Hajj Ifrad (On Its Own)

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) Performed Hajj Ifrad (On Its Own)

Abul Aswad: Four Ahadith

[88] From Malik, from Abul-Aswad Muhammad ibn Abd ur-Rahman, from Urwah ibn az-Zubayr, from A’isha, Um ul-Mu’minin (Radi Allahu Anha) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) did Hajj (Ifrad) on its own.

[GRADING] – [IT’S CHAIN IS SAHEEH, THERE ARE NO DOUBTS IN IT]

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 1/335 hadith no.755, book 20, chapter 11, hadith no.38), at-Tamhid (13/98), al-Istidhkar: (no.705)    

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.1562), Muslim (118/1211) and Ibn Majah (no.2965) from the hadith of Malik

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) It is clear from this Sahih hadith from A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) performed Hajj (Ifrad) on its own. Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said the labaik of Hajj Ifrad (Sahih Muslim no.1231)

In the narration of Jabir (Radi Allahu Anhu) it is mentioned that we said the labaik of Hajj Ifrad with the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) (Sahih Muslim no.1213) 

In contrast, Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said the labaik of Hajj and Umrah (Sahih Bukhari no.4353, no.4354 and Sahih Muslim no.1232). There are narrations like this from other companions (Radi Allahu Anhum) and this is mutawatir. The reconciliation of these 2 narrations is that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) first said labaik for Hajj Ifrad and later on he said the labaik for Hajj Qiran (Umrah and Hajj). Each companion (Radi Allahu Anhum) narrated this according to their own knowledge. For more details see Sharh az-Zirqani of Muwata al-Imam Malik (vol. 2 pg. 251)

2)  Hajj Ifrad, Hajj Qiran and Hajj Tamatu’ are the three types of Hajj, and acting upon any one of them is allowed up until the day of judgement. The saying of some scholars about the hadith of Hajj Ifrad that it is Shadh [Strange] or Mansukh [Abrogated], is false and rejected.  Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrates that Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said “By Him in Whose Hand is my life. Ibn Maryam (Esa (Alayhisalam)) would certainly pronounce Talbiya for Hajj or for Umrah or for both (simultaneously as a Hajj Qiran).” (Sahih Muslim no.1252, Darusalam Numbering no.3030, as-Sunan al-Kubra of al-Bayhaqi 5/2, the night and day of a person who performs Hajj pg. 82) 

From this Sahih hadith it is known that Hajj Ifrad, Hajj Qiran and Hajj Tamatu’ will remain until the day of judgement. 

3) Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “Whoever performs Hajj Ifrad then that is good, and whoever performs (Hajj) Tamatu’ then he has acted upon the Sunnah of the Majestic Qur’an and the noble Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) (as-Sunan al-Kubra of al-Bayhaqi 5/21 and it’s chain is Sahih, the night and day of a person who performs Hajj pg. 83)

Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (Radi Allahu Anhum) performed Hajj Ifrad. (Sunan at-Tirmidhi no.820 and it’s chain is Hasan)

Note: After taking into consideration other evidences, Hajj Tamatu’ is the most virtuous.

 

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