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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.79 –:– It is Not Allowed to be Angry (At Your Muslim Brother) For More Than Three Days

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

 It is Not Allowed to be Angry (At Your Muslim Brother) For More Than Three Days

[79] From Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ata Ibn Yazid al-Laythi from Abu Ayub al-Ansari (Radi Allahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “It is not halal for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three nights, that is they meet, and this one turns away and that one turns away. The better of the two is the one who says the greeting (salam) first.”


Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Ata Ibn Yazid al-Laythi) in Bukhari (no.6470)


Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 2/906, 907 hadith no.1747, book 47, chapter 4, hadith no.13), at-Tamhid (10/145), al-Istidhkar: (no.1679)      

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.6077) and Muslim (no.2560) from the hadith of Malik


1) It is Haram for a Muslim to boycott another Muslim without a Sharia compliant excuse for more than three days. Also see hadith no.4 and no.443.

2) It is a very virtuous act to give salam to a Muslim brother with the correct aqida. Abu Umama (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Those who are nearest to Allah are they who are first to give a salutation (salam).” (Sunan Abu Dawud no.5197 and its chain is [Sahih] authentic and it is Hasan in Ibn Mulaqin’s Tuhfatul Muhtaj no.1624)

3) Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrated that, “The actions of people are presented twice each week, on Monday and Thursday. Every trusting slave is forgiven except for a slave who has enmity between him and his brother. It is said, ‘Leave these two until they reconcile with each other.” (al-Muwatta Yahya’s narration 2/909 hadith no.1752, and its chain is [Sahih] authentic)
This narration is present in Sahih Muslim (no.2565) in a connected chain format meaning it is the words said by the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alahyi Wa Sallam). This hadith is Sahih in in the form of marfo (connected to the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and narrated by him)) and mawquf (Stopped at the companion and narrated by the companion).

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