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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.78 –:– The Description of the Prophet’s (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) Generosity

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

 The Description of the Prophet’s (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) Generosity

[78] From Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ata ibn Yazid al-Laythi from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that some people of the Ansar asked the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and he gave to them. Then they asked him again, and he gave to them until he used up what he had. Then he said, “What wealth I have, I will not hoard from you. Whoever has forbearance, Allah will help him. Whoever tries to be independent, Allah will enrich him. Whoever tries to be patient, Allah will give him patience, and no one is given a better or vaster gift than patience.”

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Ata Ibn Yazid al-Laythi) in Bukhari (no.6470)

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 2/997 hadith no.1945, book 58, chapter 2, hadith no.7), at-Tamhid (10/131), al-Istidhkar: (no.1882)    

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.1469) and Muslim (no.1053) from the hadith of Malik

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was very generous and kind towards the Umma.

2) It is allowed to give charity more than once to the one who asks and is in need.

3) Whoever doesn’t have money (which is more than he needs) then he can excuse himself (give his reason to not being able to give charity) to the one who asks (for it)

4) The best manner is that the one who is in need shouldn’t ask and should rather have patience and trust (in Allah) in all matters. It is not good to look at other people’s charity and ask for it without any sharia compliant excuse because of greediness just as it is established from other Ahadith. Also see hadith no.174

5) Ala Ibn Abdurahman Ibn Ya’qub said, “Charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives (other people), Allah adds to his respect, and the one who shows humility, Allah elevates his status in the view (of the people).” (al-Muwatta Yahya’s narration 2/1000 hadith no.1949, and its chain is [Sahih] authentic)

This narration (athar) is also present in Sahih Muslim from the chain of, “al-Ala Ibn Abdurahman from his father from Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu Anhu)” from the hadith of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) (Sahih Muslim hadith no.2588, Darusalam numbering no.6592)

 

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