Sharḥ ʿUmdatul Aḥkām
Kitāb al-Aṭʿimah – The Book of Eating
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
The Superiority of That Person Who Leaves All Doubtful (Unclear) Things for the Sake of His Religion
 Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir (Radi Allahu Anhu):
I heard Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) saying and he pointed with his fingers towards his ears, ‘Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.
[GRADING] – [AGREED UPON]
Bukhari, Book of faith, Chapter: The superiority of that person who leaves all doubtful (unclear) things for the sake of his religion
Muslim, Book of distribution of water, Chapter: Taking that which is lawful and leaving that which is unclear
[RULINGS FROM THE HADITH]
1) The halal things are absolutely clear and the haram things are absolutely clear. Every muslim is commanded to use the halal and refrain and avoid the haram.
2) It is a sign of taqwa to refrain and avoid the unclear matters.
3) The heart is such an important piece of the body that when it is upright the whole body is upright and when it is corrupt, the whole body becomes corrupt.