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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.125 –:– The Explanation Of Pictures Being Prohibited

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

The Explanation Of Pictures Being Prohibited

[125] From Malik from Ishaq Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abi Talha from Rafi’ Ibn Ishaq Mawla of the people of ash-Shifa informed him, saying: “I and ‘Abdullah bin Abi Talhah entered upon Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (Radi Allahu Anhu) to visit him. So Abu Sa’eed said: ‘The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) informed us: “The angels (of mercy) do not enter a house in which there is an image or a picture”

Ishaq had a doubt, he did not clearly know which words Abu Sa’eed al-Kuhdri (Radi Allahu Anhu) said. 

[GRADING] – [IT’S CHAIN IS SAHIH]

[REFERENCES] 
Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (2/965, 966 hadith no.1867, book 54, chapter 3, hadith no.6), at-Tamhid (1/300) and al-Istidhkar (no.1803) 

Transmitted by at-Tirmidhi (no.2805) from the hadith of Malik and he said, “[Hasan Sahih]” and Ibn Hibban authenticated it (no.1486) 

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) It is haram to make pictures of living creatures such as humankind, Animals, Birds etc. 

2) The following things are exempt from the general ruling of pictures being haram:

The toys of children such as dolls etc. (See Sahih Bukhari no.6130, Sahih Muslim no.2440, Sunan Abi Dawud no.4932, and it’s chain is [Hasan]

Pictures of birds on clothes (Sahih Muslim no.2107, Darusalam numbering no.5521, 5522) etc.

There was a picture of a Lion standing up on the ring of Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu). (Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 8/269 hadith no.25093 and it’s chain is [Sahih])

There was a picture of a man with a sword hanging around his neck on the ring of Imran Ibn Husain (Radi Allahu Anhu). (Ibn Abi Shaybah 8/269 hadith no.25095 and it’s chain is [Hasan], Sharh Ma’ani al-Athar of at-Tahawi 4/266) 

3) The invention of videos and computer CDs in this present time does not come under the ruling of pictures because pictures are not seen on them. This is a scientific and technological advance which the humankind have discovered. Therefore this invention comes under the ruling of being Mubah (T.N. It is permissible) when it is used for good purposes such as lectures, education, training and debates etc. Those affairs which go against the Sharia are not allowed in any circumstances whether CDs or videos are used or not. (T.N. This is the general princple however there are exceptions and rare cases such as eating the meat of a dead animal that was not made Halal and slaughtered in the Islamic manner. The general principle is that it is not allowed however as a last resort for survival etc. it is allowed)

4) Also see hadith no.260 and no.427

 

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