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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.61 –:– Superstition and Bad Omens Do Not Exist

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

Ill Luck (Bad Luck) and Bad Omens are Nothing (Don’t Exist)

Hamzah and Salim: One Hadith

[61] From Malik from Ibn Shihab from Hamzah and Salim Ibn Abdullah Ibn Umar from Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “Bad luck (misfortune) (if it exists then) is in a house, a woman and a horse.”

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Salim and Hamzah Ibn Abdullah Ibn Umar) in Bukhari (no.5772)

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta ((Yahya’s narration) 2/972 hadith no.1883, book 54, chapter 8, hadith no.22) at-Tamhid (9/278) al-Istidhkar: (no.1819)  

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.5093) and Muslim (no.2225) from the hadith of Malik.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) The foundation (and reasons behind) most general corruption and killing in the time of the noble Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) and before him was in 3 important things:
1. The house, meaning the land
2. Women
3. Horses, meaning cavalry (armies, troops)

Therefore the meaning of ill luck here (in this hadith) is the above however this hadith is abrogated because of other [Sahih] authentic hadith. The noble Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “If superstition (misfortune) existed in anything then it would be in houses, women and horses.” (Sahih Bukhari (no.5094) and Sahih Muslim (no.2225) [no.5807, no.5808] The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “There is no superstition.” (Sahih Bukhari (no.5754), Sahih Muslim (no.2223) also see Fath ul-Bari (6/60-63 under hadith (no.2858, no.2859) and at-Tahmid (9/290) and he said, “Then this became abrogated and the Qur’an and Sunnah declared this to be false.”

2) The narration which has been transmitted in Muwatta Imam Malik that states one house will have numerous superstitions and less wealth, then the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said (about it), “it is evil, leave it” (2/972 hadith (no.1884) the chain of narration is [Daif] weak because of it being [Munqati’] broken.

In Sunan Abu Dawud (no.3924) it is a weak narration because the chain of narration contains the tadlis of Ikrimah Ibn Amar the mudallis.

3) In one narration it has come that A’isha (Radi Allahu Anha) censured Abu Hurayrah (Radi Allahu Anhu) because of the hadith of Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu), this chain of narration is weak because it contains Qatadah the mudalis. The other chain of narration is [Munqati’] broken because of “Makhul From A’isha”

4) Also see hadith (no.412)

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