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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.51 –:– The Description (Explanation) of Vowing

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

The Description (Explanation) of Vowing

[51] And from the same chain of narration that Sa’d Ibn Ubada questioned the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) and said, “My mother died while she still had a vow which she had not fulfilled.” The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “Fulfill it for her.”

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Ubaydullah Ibn Abdullah Ibn Utba Ibn Mas’ood) in Bukhari (no.6698)

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 2/472 hadith no.1040, book 22, chapter 1, hadith no.1) at-Tamhid (9/24) al-Istidhkar: (no.976)    

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.2761) and Muslim (no.1638) from the hadith of Malik.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) It is allowed to fulfill a vow, free a slave, fast and give charity on behalf of the deceased. The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “Had he been a Muslim and you had emancipated slaves on his behalf, or given sadaqa on his behalf, or performed the pilgrimage, that would have reached him.” (Sunan Abu Dawud: (no.2883) and its chain is [Hasan] good)
There is an ijma that the reward for doing dua and sadaqa reaches the dead person. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir: (6/38), an-Najm: (39))

2) If the dead person has vowed to keep fasts then the wali (guardian, inheritor) should keep the fasts on behalf of them. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “Whoever died and he ought to have fasted (the missed days of Ramadan) then his guardians (inheritor) must fast on his behalf.” (Sahih Bukhari: (no.1952), and Sahih Muslim (no.1147)) Ibn Abas said, “Nobody should pray or fast on behalf of anyone however they should regularly feed a madd of wheat (to people) (on behalf of the fasts of Ramadan). (as-Sunan al-Kubra of an-Nasa’i (no.2918) and its chain is authentic)

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