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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.30 –:– The Kafarah (Expiation) for Purposely Breaking the Fast

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

 The Kafarah (Expiation) for Purposely Breaking the Fast

[30] And with the same chain of narration from Abu Hurayrah that a man broke the fast (by having sexual intercourse with his wife in the day) in Ramadhan and the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) ordered him to make kaffara (compensation) by freeing a slave, or fasting two consecutive months, or feeding sixty poor people, and he said, “I can’t do it.” Someone brought a large basket of dates to the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) and he said, “Take this and give it away as sadaqah.” He said, “Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) there is no one more needy than I am.” The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) laughed until his eye-teeth (canine teeth) appeared, and then he said, “Eat them.” 

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Humayd Ibn Abd ar-Rahman Ibn Awf) in Bukhari (no.1936)

[REFERENCES] 

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 1/296 hadith no.666, book 18, chapter 9, hadith no.28) at-Tamhid (7/161), al-Istidhkar: (no.616)

Transmitted by Muslim (83/1111) from the hadith of Malik and narrated in Bukhari (no.1936) from the hadith of Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) Abu al-Shatha Jabir Ibn Zayd and Sa’id Ibn Jubayr said about the person who breaks his fast on purpose without any valid excuse legislated in the Shari’ah that, “That person will have to fast in compensation for it.” (Musanaf Ibn Abu Shaybah (3/105) hadith (no.9775) and its chain is authentic, and in the new published edition (3/110) hadith (no.12576), and its chain is authentic). Ibrahim Nakha’i said, “That person should keep one fast (in compensation for the one he broke) and ask Allah for forgiveness.”(Ibn Abu Shaybah: (no.12577), and its chain is authentic)

2) Some scholars have used this hadith as proof and said the person who deliberately breaks his fast (ie intentionally) will have to fast two months in compensation.

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