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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.42 –:– Reciting the Last Three Surahs of the Qur’an (Mu’awadhatayn) for Ruqyah (Incantation) is Sunnah

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

Reciting the Last Three Surahs of the Qur’an (Mu’awadhatayn) for Ruqyah (Incantation) is Sunnah

[42] And with the same chain of narration that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) when he had a complaint (became ill), he would recite the last three surahs of the Qur’an, over himself and blow. She said, “When his pain was immense, I would recite it over him and wipe him with his right hand hoping for its blessing.”

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Urwa Ibn az-Zubayr) in Bukhari ((no. 4439) before hadith (no.4431))

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 2/942, 943 hadith no.1819, book 50, chapter 4, hadith no.10) at-Tamhid (8/129), al-Istidhkar: (no.1819)        

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.5016) and Muslim (51/2192) from the hadith of Malik.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH].

1) The sunnah ruqyah (incantation) and after that, blowing on the body (and hands) is allowed.

2) The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “He who is competent amongst you to benefit his brother should do so.” (Sahih Muslim: (no.2199) Dar us-Salam (numbering): (no.5727)) Shirkiya adhkar and ruqyah (incantation) which are against the sunnah are not allowed and in the same way translated words for ruqyah (incantation) and adhkar are not allowed and it is not known to be used for e.g. ruqyah (incantation) of “lalat pey, rakat kachwey, taap taley baw golah beroot” is not allowed. Those duas and adhkar should be read which are established from the Qur’an, sunnah and the salaf salihin or those that do not go against the book and the sunnah.

3) The greatly loved one Muhammad Mustafa (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) used to get ill even though he was the most virtuous of humans.

4) The cure for illness is from medicine and dua, both ways are sunnah.

5) Gaining blessing (tabaruk) from the established remnants of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) is allowed rather it is better (to do so).

6) The condition of needing permission to use ruqyah (incantation) and adhkar is not established from the book, sunnah or athar (sayings of the companions).

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