uthman map

Love for ‘Uthman – Hafiz Sher Muhammad

Translated
Abu Sinan
Checked & Revised
Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

 

Taken from ‘Fadail As-Sahabah Sahih Riwayat Ki Roshni Mein’ (p.44-47)
Tahqiq and Takhrij by Shaykh Zubair ‘Aliza’i

It is narrated from Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that, “On one occasion, the Prophet ﷺ, Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman ascended Mount Uhud, and it shook due to their presence, so the Prophet ﷺ struck it with his foot, and said: ‘Be firm O Uhud! Verily there is noone upon you except a Prophet, a Siddiq (truthful one) and Two Martyrs!’” (Sahih Al-Bukhari #3686)

It is narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him) that a man once came and asked for permission to enter upon the Prophet ﷺ, so the Prophet  said, “Open [the gate] for him, and give him glad tidings of Paradise on account of a calamity which will strike him.” So Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari opened the gate, and it was Sayyiduna ‘Uthman, and after being informed of what the Prophet had said, Sayyiduna ‘Uthman said, “Allahul Musta’an (Allah is the One sought for help).” (Sahih Al-Bukhari #3693, Sahih Muslim #2403)

And it has reached us in one famous Hadith that the Prophet said, “’Uthman is in Paradise.” (Sunan At-Tirmidhi #3747 and its chain is Sahih)

It is narrated from Sayyiduna ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah (may Allah be pleased with him) that when the Prophet ﷺ was preparing for Jihad (Jaysh Al-‘Usrah), Sayyiduna ‘Uthman put one thousand dinars into the sleeve of the Prophet ﷺ, and the Prophet ﷺ put them into his sack, turning them over, and he ﷺ said, “‘Uthman will not be harmed by what he does after today.” (Musnad Ahmad #20906, Sunan At-Tirmidhi #3701 and he [Abu ‘Isa At-Tirmidhi] said: Hasan Gharib, and its chain is Hasan)

Due to the severe illness of his wife, and the daughter of the Prophet ﷺ – Ruqayyah – Sayyiduna ‘Uthman was unable to attend the Battle of Badr. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Verily for you is a reward and share (of the spoils of war) like the man that was present at Badr.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari #3130)

Sayyidah Ruqayyah (may Allah be pleased with her) passed away during the Battle of Badr (Al-Isabah fi Tamyiz As-Sahabah #11851, Tarajim An-Nisa). Abu Habibah (may Allah have mercy on him) went to Sayyiduna ‘Uthman while he was in solitude. Abu Habibah narrated from Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet ﷺ said, “You will meet trials and differing after me.” So someone from the people said, “O Messenger of Allah! Then who do we have?” So he ﷺ pointed to ‘Uthman and said, “Upon you is the Amin (trusted one) and his Companions.” (Musnad Ahmad 2/435, Al-Mawsu’ah Al-Hadithiyyah 14/219-220 #7541, and its chain is Hasan, and Al-Hakim authenticated it [3/99, 4/433, and Adh-Dhahabi agreed with him])

It is narrated from Sayyiduna Murrah bin Ka’b (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ mentioned trials that would appear after him, when a man concealed in a garment walked by, so he ﷺ said, “On that day, this man will be upon guidance.” So Sayyiduna Murrah got up and went to him, and it was Sayyiduna ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan. (Sunan At-Tirmidhi #3704, and he [Abu ‘Isa At-Tirmidhi] said: ‘This is a Hasan Sahih Hadith’, and its chain is Sahih)

When the disbelievers of Makkah stopped Sayyiduna ‘Uthman from leaving, our Beloved and Noble Prophet ﷺ took the pledge of allegiance known as Baya’t Ar-Ridhwan – The Prophet ﷺ said, extending his right hand, “This is the hand of ‘Uthman.” Then, he ﷺ struck his right hand with his left, and said, “This [pledge] is for ‘Uthman.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari #3699)

It is narrated from Abu Sahla (may Allah have mercy upon him), the freed slave of ‘Uthman, that during the days that ‘Uthman was besieged, ‘Uthman was asked as to why he would not fight the attackers, ‘Uthman replied, “Verily did the Prophet ﷺ entrust me with a promise, so I am patient upon that.” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 12/25 #32028, and its chain is Sahih, Sunan At-Tirmidhi #3711 and he [Abu ‘Isa At-Tirmidhi] said: This is a Hasan Sahih Hadith)

During a sermon, Sayyiduna ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) recited the following Ayah:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ سَبَقَتْ لَهُمْ مِنَّا الْحُسْنَىٰ أُولَٰئِكَ عَنْهَا مُبْعَدُونَ

” Verily, those for whom the good has preceded from Us, they will be removed far therefrom (Hell).” [Surah Al-Anbiya, 21:101]

Sayyiduna ‘Ali said, “‘Uthman is from amongst them.” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 12/25 #32043, and its chain is Sahih)

On one occasion, Sayyiduna ‘Uthman was mentioned in front of Sayyiduna Hasan bin ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with them), so he said, “The Chief of Believers (‘Ali) is coming, he will inform you [about ‘Uthman].” So Sayyiduna ‘Ali arrived, and he said that ‘Uthman was amongst the people that Allah said regarding:

آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ ثُمَّ اتَّقَوْا وَآمَنُوا ثُمَّ اتَّقَوْا وَأَحْسَنُوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“…and believe and do righteous good deeds, and again fear Allâh and believe, and once again fear Allâh and do good deeds with Ihsân (perfection). And Allâh loves the good-doers.” [Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5:93]

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 12/25 #32051, and its chain is Sahih)

Sayyiduna ‘Ali, raising both of his hands, said, “Oh Allah! I am free from the blood of ‘Uthman!” (Fadhail As-Sahabah of Imam Ahmad 1/452 #727, and its chain is Hasan)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “O ‘Uthman! Verily Allah may adorn you with a shirt (the Caliphate), so if the hypocrites desire you to take it off, then do not take it off until you meet me.” (Musnad Ahmad 6/86-87 #25073, and its chain is Sahih, Al-Mawsu’ah Al-Hadithiyyah 41/113)

In accordance to the majority of Ahlus-Sunnah, Sayyiduna ‘Uthman is superior to Sayyiduna ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with them both)¹ – the trustworthy Imam of Ahlus-Sunnah Ibn Shihab Az-Zuhri (d. 125H) was asked whether he loves ‘Uthman or ‘Ali more, so he replied: “‘Uthman.” (Tarikh Dimashq of Ibn ‘Asakir 41/334, and its chain is Sahih)

All Praise is due to Allah, Ahlus-Sunnah have great love for both of them – Sayyiduna Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) said that, “They say: Verily the love for ‘Uthman and the love for ‘Ali cannot both be gathered in the heart of a believer – and they have lied! Surely Allah (Mighty and Majestic), and all Praise is for Allah, has gathered them both in our hearts.” (Tarikh Dimashq of Ibn ‘Asakir 41/332, and its chain is Hasan)

Hafidh Ibn ‘Asakir has gathered an entire volume, along with the chains of narration, dedicated to the life of Sayyiduna ‘Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him).

O Allah! Fill our hearts with the love for Sayyiduna ‘Uthman, Sayyiduna ‘Ali, and the rest of the Sahabah, may Allah be pleased with them all! – Amin.

¹ [TN:] Imam Ahmad said, “…And the best of this Nation after its Prophet ﷺ is Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, then ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab, then ‘Uthman bin Affan, we give precedence to these three just as the Companions of the Messenger ﷺ gave precedence to them, and they did not differ in that.” (Usul As-Sunnah of Imam Ahmad)

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