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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.49 –:– Reciting Sura al-Mursalat in the Magrib Prayer

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

Reciting Sura al-Mursalat in the Magrib Prayer

[49] And with the same chain of narration that from Abdullah Ibn Abas that Um al-Fadl bint al-Harith heard him reciting al-Mursalat (Sura 77) and she said to him, “My son, you have reminded me by reciting this Sura that it was what I last heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) recite in the Magrib prayer.”  

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab clarified hearing (this hadith from Ubaydullah Ibn Abdullah Ibn Utba Ibn Mas’ud) in at-Tabarani in al-Kabir ((25/20) hadith (no.21))

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 1/78 hadith no.169, book 3, chapter 5, hadith no.24) at-Tamhid (9/22), al-Istidhkar: (no.148) summarised.       

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.763) and Muslim (no.462) from the hadith of Malik

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) From the viewpoint of the noble ayah “so recite what is easy [for you] of the Quran” [Sura al-Muzamil ayah no.20] and other proofs, making it compulsory to recite other particular (suras) at an appointed time apart from the fatiha is not established, however it is better to adhere to reciting the sunah recitations (where it is known that the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) recited a certain sura in a prayer)

2) It is established that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) recited the following suras in the Magrib prayer:
– Sura at-Tur (Sahih Bukhari: (no.765) and Sahih Muslim: (no.463), al-Itihaf ul-Basim (no.69))
 – Surah al-A’raf in two rakats (Sunan an-Nasa’i (2/170) hadith (no.992) and its chain is authentic)
– The Qisarul Mufasil suras meaning from Surah al-Bayinah to the end (of the Quran sura an-Nas) (Sunan an-Nasa’i (2/167) hadith (no.983) and its chain is [Hasan] good and Ibn Khuzaimah authenticated it: (no.520) and Ibn Hibaan: al-Ihsan (no.1837))

3) Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) used to prayed surah al-Fatihaa and one surah from the Quran in four rakats of the individual prayer. (Muwatta Imam Malik (1/79) hadith (no.171), and its chain is authentic)

4) For more benefits see hadith: (no.69) (of this book)

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