Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim
Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
The Hadith Is Also Part Of The Book Of Allah (Quran)
A man from the family of Khalid Ibn Usayd: One Hadith
 from Malik from Ibn Shihab from a man (Umaya Ibn Abdullah Ibn Khalid) of the family of Khalid ibn Usayd that he said to Abdullah ibn Umar (Radi Allahu anhu), “Abu Abdur-Rahman, we find the fear prayer and the prayer when settled mentioned in the Qur’an, but we do not find any mention of the travelling prayer in it.” Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “Son of my brother! Allah the Mighty and Majestic sent us Muhammad (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), and we knew nothing. We only do as we saw him doing.”
The hadith from Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri have been completed. These are 84 ahadith.
[GRADING] – [SAHIH]
Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 1/145,146 hadith no.332, book 9, chapter 2, hadith no.7), at-Tamhid (11/161), al-Istidhkar: (no.303)
Transmitted by al-Hakim al-Kabir in Awali Malik (no.209) from the hadith of Malik and narrated by Muhammad Ibn Abdullah ash-Sha’ithi from Umaya Ibn Abdullah Ibn Khalid Ibn Usayd that Ibn Umar said to him (the hadith), transmitted by an-Nasa’i (1/226 hadith no.458) and its chain is [Hasan] good, and Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing this hadith from Abdul Malik Ibn Abi Bakr Ibn Abdurahman with Bayhaqi (3/136) and Ya’qub Ibn Sufyan al-Farisi in al-Ma’rifah and at-Taarikh (1/372) and the hadith has another route with Abi Dawud (no.457) and Nasa’i (no.1435) and Ibn Maja (no.1066) and its chain is [Hasan] good and Ibn Khuzaima authenticated it (no.946) and Ibn Hiban (al-Mawarid: no.101) and al-Hakim (1/258) and adh-Dhahabi agreed with him.
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) Whether you are in a state of fear or security, it is still sunna to shorten the prayers whilst travelling.
2) The hadith is the explanation and commentary of the Quran. Therefore saying about an authentic hadith that it is not in the Quran or that it goes against the Quran is a false principle and an incorrect understanding.
3) From other evidences it is also established that praying the full units of prayer whilst travelling is also allowed. For example see Sunan an-Nasa’i (3/121 hadith no.1457, and its chain is [Sahih] authentic, al-‘Ala Ibn Zuhair is Thiqa and there is no Shudhudh in the narration (i.e. the narration does not contradict a more authentic one)