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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.52 –:– Taking Benefits from a Dead Animal’s Fur (Skin) after Tanning

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

Taking Benefits from a Dead Animal’s Fur (Skin) after Tanning

[52] And from the same chain of narration that “The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) passed by a dead sheep which had been given to a mawla of his wife, Maymuna. He said, ‘ Aren’t you going to use its skin?’ They said, ‘Messenger of Allah, but it is carrion (a dead animal). ‘The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, ‘Only eating it is haram.’ ”  .

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Ubaydullah Ibn Abdullah Ibn Utba Ibn Mas’ud) in Bukhari (no.1492)

[REFERENCES] 

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 2/498 hadith no.1099, book 25, chapter 6, hadith no.16) at-Tamhid (9/49) al-Istidhkar: (no.1031)  

Transmitted by Nasa’i ((7/172) hadith (no.4240)) from the hadith of Abdurahman Ibn al-Qasim from Malik. Narrated by Bukhari (no.1492) and Muslim (101/363) from the hadith of Zuhri.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) A permitted animal’s (being slaughtered or dead) fur (skin) becomes pure by tanning. See hadith (no.182) (of this book). The specific proof for the fur (skin) of the prohibited animals not being pure is that the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) prohibited saving (and selling) the fur (skin) of the carnivorous animals. (as-Sunan al-Kubra of al-Bayhaqi (1/21) from Abu Mulay from his father and its chain is [Hasan] good) In Sunan Abu Dawud (no.4131) etc. there is also a Hasan Shahid (good witness) therefore this hadith is Sahih li-Ghayrihi

2) If a permitted animal dies then it is allowed to sell its fur (skin).

3) Hafidh Ibn Abdul Bar said, “There is an ijma from the scholars that it is allowed to cut the wool of the sheep which is alive. (at-Tamhid (9/52))

4) There is no authentic narration from the tabi’in and companions for the permissibility of the elephant’s tooth in my knowledge. In Sahih Bukhari some of the narrations which are mentioned come in the form of being ta’liq without a chain. Allah knows best

5) Because of the hadith of the tusk (fang) (see hadith (no.113) (of this book)) some scholars have also declared the elephant prohibited to eat and this is the viewpoint of the majority. See Adhwa ul-Bayan of ash-Shinqiti (2/263)

6) Those people who say that the dog’s fur (skin) becomes pure from tanning and making it a place of prayer is rejected because of this saying going against the authentic hadith.

7) Taking benefit from some things which are prohibited to eat is allowed with the condition that the benefit is established from the four reasons. (Elaborate on what the four reasons are?)

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