Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim
Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
The Prohibition Of Selling Unripe Fruits
 From Malik that Humaid at-Tawil narrated to me from Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) that Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) forbade the sale of fruits till they are almost ripe. He was asked what is meant by ‘are almost ripe.’ He replied, “Till they become red.” Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) further said, “If Allah spoiled the fruits, what right would one have to take the money of one’s brother (i.e. other people)?”
[GRADING] – [SAHIH]
[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]
Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (2/618, hadith no.1341, book 31, chapter 8, hadith no.11), at-Tamhid (2/190) and al-Istidhkar (no.1261)
Transmitted by Bukhari (no.1488, no.2198) and Muslim (15/1555) from the hadith of Malik and Humaid at-Tawil clarified hearing in Bukhari (no.2197)
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) This type of transaction / trading always gives the possibility that the buyer can occur a great loss. It can also be a cause for severe differing between the buyer and seller therefore this type of transaction has been prohibited for the general people.
2) One of the features of Islamic trading is that the buyer and seller should not receive any loss or harm in the transaction.
3) Also see hadith no.235