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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.121 –:– A True Good Dream Is 1 of 40 Parts Of Prophethood

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

A True Good Dream Is 1 of 40 Parts Of Prophethood

[121] From Malik from Ishaq Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abi Talha from Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) said that Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “A good dream (that comes true) of a righteous man is one of forty-six parts of prophetism.”

[GRADING] – [IT’S CHAIN IS SAHIH]

[REFERENCES] – [BUKHARI]
Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (2/956 hadith no.1845, book 52, chapter 1, hadith no.1), at-Tamhid (1/279) and al-Istidhkar (no.1781) 

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.6983) from the hadith of Malik 

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) There are many aspects to Prophethood for example revelation, the coming of Jibreel (Alayhisalam), direct speech (of Allah), speech b (of Allah) behind a barrier, inspiration (ilhaam), kashf (enlightenment), Angels coming in the form of humans and giving revelation and information of the unseen and true dreams etc. After the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) left this world all these types of Prophethood have come to an end and are finished except the true dream which occurs to a pious believer sometimes. In no way does this mean that any pious person who sees a true dreams becomes a Prophet or Messenger rather the door to Prophethood and Messengership is closed up until the day of Judgement therefore no new Prophet or Messenger will be born. 

2) A lot of methodologies of the people of innovation is based upon dreams that are lies, fabricated and satanic through which they reject the Quran, hadith and Ijma. 

3) It is not necessary that the dream contains a complete chain of narration with terminologies such as min and an (i.e. from so and so) rather it is possible to interpret it and there may be signs, symbols and metaphors etc. in the dream. 

4) The famous reliable (thiqah) Imam Qadhi Abu Ja’far Ahmad Ibn Ishaq Ibn Bahlul Ibn Hasan Ibn Sinan at-Tanukhi al-Bagdadi (died 318 Hijri) said, “I was on the methodology of the Iraqis and i saw the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) in a dream and he (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was performing salah. I saw that he (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) performed raf yal yadayn during the first takbir and whilst going into ruku and raising his head from ruku.” (Sunan ad-Daraqutni 1/292 hadith no.1112, and it’s chain is Sahih) 

It is obvious that the Hanafis do not accept the true dream of this truthful and pious person therefore it is established (from their principles) that after the companions no dream of a person from this Ummah is classed as being a proof even if that person claims that he saw the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).

5) Also see hadith no.127, no.375 and no.512

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