ittihad-cover

[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.117 –:– The Virtue Of Mu’awiya (Radi Allahu Anhu) And The Virtue Of Um Haram Bint Milhan (Radi Allahu Anha)

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

 The Virtue Of Mu’awiya (Radi Allahu Anhu) And The Virtue Of Um Haram Bint Milhan (Radi Allahu Anha)

[117] From Malik from Ishaq Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abi Talha from Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) that Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) used to visit Um Haram bint Milhan (Radi Allahu Anha), who would offer him meals. Um Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) was the wife of Ubada bin As-Samit (Radi Allahu Anhu). Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), once visited her and she provided him with food and started looking for lice in his head. Then Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) slept, and afterwards woke up smiling. Um Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) asked, “What causes you to smile, O Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?” He (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said. “Some of my followers who (in a dream) were presented before me as fighters in Allah’s cause (on board a ship) amidst this sea caused me to smile; they were as kings on the thrones (or like kings on the thrones).” (Ishaq, a sub-narrator is not sure as to which expression the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) used.) Um Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) said, “O Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! Invoke Allah that he makes me one of them. Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) invoked Allah for her and slept again and woke up smiling. Once again Um Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) asked, “What makes you smile, O Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?” He (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied, “Some of my followers were presented to me as fighters in Allah’s Cause,” repeating the same dream. Um Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) said, “O Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! Invoke Allah that He makes me one of them.” He (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa SAllam) said, “You are amongst the first ones.” It happened that she sailed on the sea during the Caliphate of Mu’awiya bin Abi Sufyan (Radi Allahu Anhu), and after she disembarked, she fell down from her riding animal and died.

[GRADING] – [IT’S CHAIN IS SAHIH]

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]
Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (2/464, 465 hadith no.1026, book 21, chapter 18, hadith no.39), at-Tamhid (1/225) and al-Istidhkar (no.963) 

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.2788, no.2789) and Muslim (160/1912) from the hadith of Malik 

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) Um Haram and Um Sulaim were sisters (Radi Allahu Anhuma). Ibn Abdul Bar said, “I think that Um Haram or Um Sulaim (Radi Allahu Anhuma) breast fed the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) meaning one of them was his (Sallahu Alayhi Wa Sallams) foster mother and the other was the foster aunty. See at-Tamhid (1/226) the same thing was mentioned by Imam Abdullah Ibn Wahb al-Misri and other than him. 

2) If a woman uses her husband’s wealth to feed someone and the husband does not show any signs of being displeased then this food is halal, and the woman’s husband also receives the reward. 

3) Performing Jihad against the disbelievers at sea and making navy ships is a highly virtuous act to do. 

4) It is allowed for women to participate in Jihad.

5) It is allowed for men and women to travel by sea.

6) It is allowed for every Muslim to perform Jihad under the leader, whether he is a king or Khalifah etc.,  until the day of Judgement. 

7) This hadith shows the great virtue of Mu’awiya Ibn Abi Sufyan the one who wrote down the revelation. This great Jihad campaign was carried out under his supervision and the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was happy about it. 

8) The reward for someone who is martyred in the path of Allah or someone who dies due to a medical reason in the path of Allah is the same and according to some scholars the martyr receives more reward.  

9) According to some scholars the Jihad performed at sea is more virtuous then the Jihad performed on land and this is seen to be the most correct view in this era therefore the Muslims should make a great amount of effort in manufacturing the best navy ships. 

10) It is mentioned in another version of this narration which has an authentic chain that the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) slept in the early afternoon i.e. he performed a siesta and that Um Haram carried out the Jihad at sea with her husband Ubadah Ibn Samit (Radi Allahu Anhuma). 

Further benefits from this hadith are as follows:

1) This battle campaign and Jihad at sea of Mu’awiya (Radi Allahu Anhu) was during the Caliphate of Uthman (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Um Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) died at a place called Qabras. 

2) The dreams of the Prophets (Alayhimusalam) are revelation. 

3) This hadith is also a proof of Muhamad (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam’s) Prophethood. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) explained about some of the unseen things which happened after his death and was witnessed by peoples eyes. 

4) Those narrations which mention that it is prohibited to travel by sea are all weak and rejected. 

5) Having the desire to participate in good deeds implies you have Iman. 

6) It is allowed to ask someone to make dua for you when it comes to good deeds. 

Check Also

ittihad-cover

[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.151 –:– The Prohibition Of Selling Unripe Fruits

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim Tahqiq, Takhrij, …

ittihad-cover

[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.150 –:– It Is Necessary To Perform A Walima (Wedding Banquet) Even If It Is Small

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim Tahqiq, Takhrij, …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *