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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.60 –:– It is not Allowed to Perform Tawaf Inside the Hatim During the Tawaf

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

It is not Allowed to Perform Tawaf Inside the Hatim During the Tawaf

[60] And from the same chain of narration that from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim Ibn Abdullah that Abdullah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr as-Sidiq told Abdullah Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anhu) from A’isha (RadhiAllahu Anha), that the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “Don’t you see (do you not know) that when your people (the Quraysh of Makah) built the Ka’bah they fell short of the foundations of Ibrahim (Alayhisalam)?” A’isha (RadhiAllahu Anha) said, “Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), won’t you return it to the foundations of Ibrahim (Alayhisalam)?” and the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) said, “If it were not that your people have only recently left kufr (disbelief) (and become Muslims), I would have done so.”

Salim Ibn Abdullah said that Abdullah Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anhu) said (After he heard this that), “If A’isha (RadhiAllahu Anha) heard this from the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) then I consider that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) only refrained from greeting the two corners (in tawaf) which are adjacent to the Hijr (Hatim) because the House had not been completed on the foundations of Ibrahim (Alayhisalam).” (i.e. the corners he did not touch were not the original corners of the Ka’bah) .

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri (did) anana in what I know and he narrated from Nafi’ the mawla of Ibn Umar from Abdullah Ibn Abu Bakr as-Sidiq and the hadith has many routes.

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta ((Yahya’s narration) 1/363, 364 hadith no.824, book 20, chapter 33, hadith no.104 and with it: he did not complement (lam yutamam)) at-Tamhid (10/26) al-Istidhkar: (no.772)    

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.4484) and Muslim (399/1333) from the hadith of Malik. From Yahya Ibn Yahya’s narration and in the original: Qalaj, mistake from the publisher.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) If two matters are allowed and are established from the Qur’an and Sunnah, then in order to be safe from evil and corruption one of them does not have to be performed and can be left (temporarily).

2) The Mother of the believers A’isha (RadhiAllahu Anha) said, “I find no difference if I was to pray in the Hijr (Hatim) or pray inside the House of Allah (Ka’bah) ” (al-Muwatta Yahya’s narration 1/364 hadith no.825 and its chain is [Sahih] authentic) Meaning (that) praying inside the Hatim is the same as praying inside the House of Allah.

3) According to the most correct saying, whoever performs tawaf inside the Hatim that person’s tawaf is not valid.

4) Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anhu) not having knowledge of this [Sahih] authentic hadith is clear proof that some Ahadith can be unknown to even the biggest scholars.

5) It is not correct for anyone to think they have complete knowledge of all the evidences of the Shar’iah.

6) There is a difference of opinion regarding who built the House of Allah first. It is established from the Majestic Qur’an that the person who built the foundations of the House of Allah was Ibrahim (Alayhisalam). The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was asked which Masjid was built first? So he replied: Masjid Haram, then it was asked: what Masjid was built after that? So he replied: Masjid Aqsa, then it was asked: how long was it between the construction of these two? So he replied: 40 (years). Sahih Bukhari (hadith (no.3425)) and Sahih Muslim (hadith (no.520))

7) A summarised saying of Ali (RadiAllahu Anhu) is that the people of Nuh (Alayhisalam) and the people of Ibrahim (Alayhisalam) used to live in houses however, the House of Allah is the first place of worship. Al-Mukhtar of al-Dhiya al-Maqdisi (2/60 hadith (no.438)) and al-Mustadrak of al-Hakim (2/292, 293) and its chain is [Hasan] good.

8) People should not be tested without necessity (when there is no need to and it can be avoided).

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