[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.124 –:– Passing Urine Or Defecating Whilst Facing The Qiblah Is Prohibited

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

Passing Urine Or Defecating Whilst Facing The Qiblah Is Prohibited

Rafi’ Ibn Ishaq: Two ahadith

[124] From Malik from Ishaq Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abi Talha from Rafi’ Ibn Ishaq Mawla of the people of ash-Shifa they said about him that he was the Mawla of Abi Talha that he heard Abu Ayub (al-Ansari) (Radi Allahu Anhu) the companion of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) say when he was in Egypt, “If anyone of you goes to an open space for answering the call of nature he should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qiblah; he should either face the east or the west.”


Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (1/193, hadith no.455, book 14, chapter 1, hadith no.1), at-Tamhid (1/303) and he said, “This hadith is authentically connected” and al-Istidhkar (no.424) 

Transmitted by an-Nasa’i (1/21 hadith no.20) from the hadith of Ibn al-Qasim from al-Imam Malik and the route of the hadith is in Bukhari (no.144) and Muslim (no.264) and other than them. 

1) Facing or putting one’s back towards the Qiblah (Makkah) whilst urinating or defecating are not allowed. There are some authentic ahadith which show the permissibility of putting ones back towards the Qiblah and urinating or defecating therefore only during extreme circumstances is one allowed to face the Qiblah and urinate or defecate due to having no other choice or a Sharia compliant excuse. 

2) Being displeased with and rejecting those things which go against the Quran and Sunnah  is the methodology and exclusive sign of the people of Iman. 

3) The noble companions (Radi Allahu Anhum) never thought about going against the the command or action of their beloved Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) rather they were always ready to strive upon acting on the Quran and Hadith. 

4) The text remains upon its general meaning unless and until a specific evidence is available. 

5) It is necessary to act upon the rulings of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) rather it is a sign of Iman even if these rulings are not clearly mentioned in the Quran. 

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