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Sharḥ ʿUmdatul Aḥkām – Kitāb al-Aṭʿimah – [The Book of Eating] Hadith No.370 –:– The Permissibility of Eating Horse Meat

Sharḥ ʿUmdatul Aḥkām

Kitāb al-Aṭʿimah – [The Book of Eating]

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

The Permissibility of Eating Horse Meat

[370] Narrated Asma bint Abu Bakr (Radiullahu Anhuma)
We slaughtered a horse during the lifetime of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and ate it. And in another narration she said, “and we were in Madina”



Transmitted by

Bukharee, Book of Hunting, Slaughtering, Chapter: An-Nahr and Adh-Dhabh [no.5510]

Muslim, Book of The Book of Hunting, Slaughter, and what may be Eaten, Chapter: The permissibility of eating horse meat [no.1942]

Nasai [7:227], Ibn Majah [no.3190], Ahmad [6:345]


1) This hadith proves that the meat of horses is halal and thus permissible to eat

2) The hadith of Jabir (RadhiAllahu Anhu) is a Qawli hadith in which the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasallam) gave permission for horse meat to be consumed  and in the wording of Bukhari it mentions the word Rakhasa i.e. if need be instead of explicit permission. [Bukhari [4219], Muslim [1941], Abu Dawud [3788], Nasai [7:210], Ahmad [3:361], Baihaqi [9:326], Darimi [1993], Ibn al-Jarud [885] . See the next hadith of this chapter i.e. no,371

3) Imams Ahmad, Shafi, Abu Yusuf, Muhammad Shaybani held it is permissible and lawful to eat where as Imams Abu Hanifah and Malik were of the position it is unlawful i.e. haram to eat. [Subl al-Salam [4:1824] 

4) This incident took place in Madinah after Jihad was textually obligated as other narrations elucidate Asma (RadhiAllahu Anha) said we were in Madinah.

5) Animals that one can make Dhahb one can also make Nahr of them and vice versa and it is recommended to make Nahr of Camels only and dhahb of other animals.


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