In Defence of The Sahabi al-Jalil
The Faqeeh, The Mujtahid, The Muhaddith
Shaikh Muhammad Ra’is Nadwi [1430H]
(Shaikh ul-Hadith, Jamia Salafiyyah, Banaras)
Al-Lamhaat Ilaa Maa Fee Anwaar al-Baaree Minuz-Zuloomaat
Series compilers, Translated and Annotated
Abu Hibbaan & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
Abu Hurairah Was The Teacher of Ibn Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Anhuma)
The scholars of Rijaal (narrators) have clearly mentioned Ibn Abbaas to be the student of Abu Hurairah and a manifest evidence for this is that once the issue of divorce was presented before the companions and Ibn Abbaas said to Abu Hurairah, “This is a serious issue please answer it.” So Abu Hurairah answered it immediately and Ibn Abbaas and the other companions acted upon it. (Sunan Abee Dawood Ma’a Au’n al-Ma’bood Kitaab at-Talaaq (2/227-228), Muwatta Imaam Maalik and others)
Similarly Ibn Abbaas asked Abu Hurairah concerning an issue of the prayer and he acted upon what Abu Hurairah told him. (Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaybah (2/236).
From this we find Ibn Abbaas would refer to his teacher, Abu Hurairah in difficult issues.
The Rightly Guided Khaleeph’s Were From His Students
Al-Asaabah Fee Ma’arifatus-Sahaabah (4/209), Tabqaat Ibn Sa’ad and others clearly mention in the biography of Abu Hurairah that the Rightly guided Khaleeph’s from them Umar, Uthmaan and Alee, Talhah and Zubair from the 10 promised paradise would refer to Abu Hurairah for the Prophets hadeeth. Once Marwaan bin Hakam raised objections at Abu Hurairah for narrating too many ahadeeth but when he found the major companions like Umar would refer to him for Hadeeth he stopped his objections. (Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah Tarjamah Abu Hurairah)
Abu Hurairah As a Governor During the Times of Abu Bakr Siddeeq and Umar bin al-Khattaab
Sa’eed bin Mansoor mentions from Imam Ibn Seereen Abu Hurairah was given the position of calling the A’dhaan in Bahrain and he had a condition with Imaam al-E’laa bin al-Hadhramee that he would not say Ameen before him. (Fath ul-Baaree (2/217), Dalaa’il an-Nubuwwah (pg.501), Musannaf Ibn Abee Shaybah (2/427), Anwaar al-Kaashifah (pg.224)
Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq also had Abu Hurairah take up a governmental post in Bahrain. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’ad (4/77 Q2),Anwaar al-Kaashifah (pg.224)
Even during the time of Umar bin Khattaab he was responsible for the same post. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’ad, Anwaar al-Kaashifah (pg.229), Fatooh al-Baldaan (pg.93), Kitaab al-Kharaj Lee Abee Yoosuf (pg.114)
So it is not hidden from any person of intellect that the companion posted on a government post upon the request of the Messenger of Allaah (Sallalahu Alayhee Wasallam) (as cited by Haafidh Ibn Hajr see Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’ad 4/76), Abu Bakr and Umar, must have been a jurist (ie Faqeeh) and with this he would have given rulings based upon ahadeeth and narrations.……..
To follow a short and detailed biography of Abu Hurairah (Radhiallaahu Anhu)