When Did the Khilāfah Finish
Hizb ut-Tahrīr and Muhājirūn
Thumma “Qulu Bidatun-Dalālah”
‘And Every Innovation is Misguidance’
First Published 1999
Compiled, Translated and Annotated
Abū Ḥibbān & Abū Khuzaimah Anṣārī
A great majority of the the members, sympathisers and advocates of Hizb ut-Taḥrīr and al-Muhājirūn or whatever names they coin for themselves have always been under the delusion that the Khilāfah was destroyed in 1924. So when the aḥadīth regarding the period of Khilāfah are presented to them, they are shocked and astonished to the existence of such authentic aḥadīth.
Their responses after these aḥadīth presented to them vary, but almost every time they say, “Brother give us the reference, we will check it out” or “Brother we need to look at the chain of the ḥadīth because….” assuming the aḥadīth maybe weak and by this they try to avoid the real point of dispute.
These aḥadīth which clearly mention the time when the Khilāfah finished are thorns in the hearts of Hizb ut-Tahrīr and al-Muhajiroon as you will notice their dismay and disapproval when the aḥadīth are mentioned. These aḥadīth clearly elucidate the time when the khilāfah finished and when kingship would begin.
If we look at these aḥadīth from Hizb ut-Tahrīr and al-Muhājirūn’s position, we will acknowledge quickly that their CALL to the Khilāfah will be in vain hence the lack of knowledge regarding its existence. The ḥadīth is in different words but the meanings are the same.
Saʿīd bin Jamhān from Safīnah who said the Messenger of Allāh (Sallalahu alayhi wasalam) said,
“Khilāfah after me will be thirty (30) years.”
This ḥadīth is Ṣaḥīḥ
Ṭayālisī (no. 1107), Musnad Aḥmad (5/220-221), Faḍail as-Ṣahābah (nos. 789-790, 1027) of Imām Aḥmad, Kitāb as-Sunnah (2/573, 591-592 no’s 1348, 1402-1407) of ʿAbdullāh bin Aḥmad, Nasāʿī in Kubrā in the chapter of Manāqib as mentioned in Tuḥfatul-Ashrāf (4/22), Abū Dawūd in as-Sunnah (4/36 no.4646), Aʿun al-Maʿbūd Sharḥ Sunan Abī Dawūd (12/259-261 no.4633), Jām’e at-Tirmidhī (4/436 no.2226) Ṣaḥīḥ at-Tirmidhī (2/486 no.2226) of Allāmah Muḥammad Nāsir ud dīn al-Albānī, Kitāb as-Sunnah (p.557, no’s 1181, 1185) of Ibn Abī ʿĀsim, as-Sahābah (no. 108) of Khaithamah ibn Suleimān, Mushkil al-Āthār (4/313) of Ṭaḥāwī, al-Eḥsān Bi-Tartīb Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān (8/227 no.6623, 9/48 no.6904 and no’s 1534-1535 – Mawārid az-Zamān), al-Kabīr (no’s 13, 136, 6442-6444) of Ṭabarānī, Mustadrak al-Hākim (3/156 no.4697), al-Mudkhil (6/2) of Baihaqī also in his al-Eʿtiqād (nos. 932, 934, 1047) Sharḥ us-Sunnah (14/74-75), Aqīdatus-Salaf Aṣhābul-Ḥadīth (p.86) of Imām Ṣabūnī, Silsilah Aḥadīth as-Ṣahīḥaḥ (no’s 459, 1534-1535), Tarīkh al-Khulafā (p.9) of Imām Suyūtī.
In Tirmidhī there is an addition to it; narrated Aḥmad bin Munīʿa who narrated from Suraij bin Nuʿmān who narrated from Hashraj bin Nubātah on the authority of Saʿīd bin Jamhān who said, Narrated Safīnah who said, the Messenger of Allāh (Sallalahu alayhi wasalam) said,
“The Khilāfah in my Ummah will be thirty (30) years, and then after it there will be kingship.” (Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan at-Tirmidhī (2/486 no.2226) Imām al-Albānī said, “Ṣaḥīḥ”.
Imām Tirmidhī adds,
“This ḥadīth is hasan, it is narrated by more than one person from Saʿīd bin Jamhān…” (Jāmʿe at-Tirmidhī (4/436), Auʿn al-Maʿbūd (12/260)
Imām Suyūtī said,
“Imām Aḥmad has bought from Ḥamād ibn Salamah, Saʿīd ibn Jamhān and Safīnah that they heard the Messenger of Allāh (Sallalahu alayhi wasalam) say, The Khilāfah in my Ummah will be thirty (30) years, and then after it there will be kingship.” the authors of the Sunans have mentioned this and Ibn Ḥibbān and others have authenticated it. It is the position of the majority of the scholars that the era of the four companions and including that of Imām Ḥasan (Radiallaah ta’ala anha) was a period of thirty (30) years.” (Tarīkh al-Khulafā (p.9-10), al-Alqamī reported the same from his teacher (Auʿn al-Maʿbūd (12/259), see also Fath al-Wadūd.
Imām Suyūtī further said,
“Imām Bazār has mentioned from Muḥammad bin Sakīn from Yaḥyā bin Ḥisān from Yaḥyā ibn Hamzah on the authority of Makhūl on the authority of Abu Thaʿlabah on the authority of Abū Ubaidah bin Jarrāh who said the Messenger of Allāh (Sallalahu alayhi wasalam) said, “The dīn began with prophethood and mercy, then there will be Khilāfah and mercy then there will be kingship and force. This ḥadīth is ḥasan.” (Tarīkh al-Khulafā (p.10)
Some of the narrators in the chains.
Sāʿīd bin Jamhān
Imām Yaḥyā Ibn Maʿīn and Abū Dawūd declared Saʿīd ibn Jamhān trustworthy, Truthful (Taqrīb at-Tahdhīb (1/312) another checking (p.375 no.2292) and (p.174 no.2279) of another checking, Tahdhīb at-Tahdhīb (4/14), Au’n al-Maʿbūd (12/260) of Imām Abu Ṭayyib Azīmabādī.
Hadhah bin Khālid al-Azdī
Trustworthy, devout. (Taqrīb at-Tahdhīb (2/315), Tahdhīb at-Tahdhīb (11/24), both Of Imām Ibn Ḥajr al-Asqalānī.
Safīnah – Kunyah Abū ʿAbdur Rahmān, the servant of the Prophet.
Famous. (Taqrīb at-Tahdhīb (1/312), (p.395 no.2471).
al-A’wām- Ibn Haushab
Trustworthy, firm, the learned. Taqrīb (2/89), Tahdhīb (8/163), Tahdhīb al-Kamāl (2/1064).
Aḥmad ibn Munīʿa
Trustworthy, Hāfiẓ (the memoriser). (Taqrīb at-Tahdhīb (p.25 no.114).
Hashraj bin Nubātah
Truthful. (Taqrīb at-Tahdhīb (p.109 no. 1363).
Suraij bin Nuʿmān
Trustworthy. (Taqrīb at-Tahdhīb (p.169 no.2218).
JazakAllāhu Khaira to our beloved brother Shehzad Anwar Sattar for his help