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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.527 –:– The Manners of Visiting Someone and Seeking Permission Up to 3 Times

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

 

The Manners of Visiting Someone and Seeking Permission Up to 3 Times

[527]      From Malik from someone trustworthy according to him from Bukair bin al-Ashaj from Busar bin Sa’id from Abi Sa’id al-Khudri from Abi Musa al-Ash’ari who said the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wasallam) said “Seeking permission is only 3 times, if you are given permission then enter if not then return back.”   

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

[REFERENCES]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (2/963 hadith no.1863, book 54, chapter 1, hadeeth no.2) at-Tamhid (24/202) and al-Istidhkar (no.1799)

Transmitted by Abul Qasim Jauhari in Musnad Muwatta (no.846) from the Hadith of Malik as above and it has supports in Bukhari (no6245), Muslim (2153) and others and it is thus Sahih.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADEETH]

  1. If an individual wishes to visit any of his relatives, friends or anyone else for that matter then he should first seek permission up to three (3) times and only enter when he has been granted permission. One should note that this is not the case whilst entering ones own house when no permission is sought unless there is legal reason. (For example knowing non-Mahram women are in the house etc)
  2. The narrator that is intended by, “someone trustworthy” is Muhrimah bin Bukair bin Abdullah bin al-Ashaj, who would normally transmit from his fathers book. Thus this narrating from the book is considered to be authentic according to the precedent opinion unless there is any evidence that restricts  
  3. Every individuals honour and personal life is is given a lofty status in the Din of Islam.
  4. Allah The Majestic says, “O you who have believed, do not enter houses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and greet their inhabitants. That is best for you; perhaps you will be reminded.” (Surah an-Nur:27)

The aforementioned ayah is an explanation of  this hadith

 

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