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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.34 –:– The Amount (Quantity) of Water for Major Purification

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

The Amount (Quantity) of Water for Major Purification

12 hadith (mentioned to) Urwah Ibn Zubayr from A’isha. One hadith from Amrah from A’isha

[34] From Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwah Ibn az-Zubayr from A’isha, Um al-Mu’minin, that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Was-Sallam) used to do ghusl for major ritual impurity from a vessel which contained a faraq (this contains 3 Sa’a which is equivalent to 7 and a half kilograms).

[GRADING] – [SAHIH]

Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri clarified hearing (this hadith from Urwah Ibn az-Zubayr) in Humaydi (with my Tahqiq (verification): (no.160)

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]

Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration 1/44, 45 hadith no.97, book 2, chapter 17, hadith no.68) at-Tamhid (8/100), al-Istidhkar: (no.84)
Transmitted by Muslim (no.319) from the hadith of Malik and narrated by Bukhari (no.250) from the hadith of Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri.

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1) 7 and a half kilograms of water is enough for the ghusl janabah (major purification ie bath) and a bath is also allowed with one sa’a (1 and a half kilograms).

2) It is established from other chains of narration of this hadith that it is allowed for the husband and wife to bathe together (in the bathroom in seclusion).

3) Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anhu) used to do ghusl for major ritual impurity by beginning with pouring water on his right hand and washing it. Then, in order, he would wash his genitals, rinse his mouth, snuff water in and out of his nose, wash his face and splash his eyes with water. Then he would wash his right arm and then his left, and after that he would wash his head. He would finish by having a complete wash and pouring water all over himself. (Muwatta Imam Malik, Yahya’s narration (1/45) hadith (no.98) and its chain is authentic)

4) Washing the private parts and performing ablution (Wudu) before bathing is Sunnah. (Sahih Bukhari: (no.266, no.248, no.249)

5) Washing the feet after having a bath is Sunnah. (Sahih Bukhari: (no.265)

6) Not using a cloth (towel) to dry oneself after bathing is Sunnah. (Sahih Bukhari: (no.266) However if a towel etc. is used because it is cold, then according to the narrations of the companions (RadhiAllahu Anhum) and understanding of the salaf it is permissible. (al-Awsat of Ibnul Mundhir (1/419, 416) and Masa’il of Abu Dawud (pg.12))

7) If the head is not wiped (ie no masah) during the ablution that precedes the Ghusl ie bathing of major purification, it is still permissible. (Sunan an-Nasa’i: (no.422) and its chain is authentic (Gharib)

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