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[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.118 –:– All Types Of Alcohol Are Prohibited

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

All Types Of Alcohol Are Prohibited

[118] From Malik from Ishaq Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abi Talha from Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) that I was serving Abu Ubaydah, Abu Talha and Ubai bin Ka`b (Radi Allahu Anhum) with an alcoholic drink prepared from ripe and unripe dates (before alcoholic drinks were prohibited). Then somebody came to them and said, “Alcoholic drinks have been prohibited.” (On hearing that) Abu Talha (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “Stand up and break this large jug.” So I stood up and (took hold) of a pointed stone and struck the large jug with its lower part until it broke into pieces.

[GRADING] – [IT’S CHAIN IS SAHIH]

[REFERENCES] – [AGREED UPON]
Al-Muwatta (Yahya’s narration (2/846, 847 hadith no.1644, book 42, chapter 5, hadith no.13), at-Tamhid (1/242) and al-Istidhkar (no.1572) 

Transmitted by Bukhari (no.5582) and Muslim (9/1980 after hadith no.1981) from the hadith of Malik 

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1) If a Khabar Wahid is Sahih then it is a proof. 

2) The noble companions were always ready to sincerely obey the Sunnah and submit to the commands of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa sallam) at any moment as opposed to  following hearsay.  

3) Rejecting the authentic hadith by calling it khabar wahid or Dhanni is the act of those people who are against the noble companions. 

4) It is not allowed to make a vinegar from alcohol. If this was the case then the noble companions would have made vinegar instead of spilling the alcohol. The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) has prohibited making vinegar from alcohol. See Sahih Muslim (no.1983, Darusalam numbering no.514)

5) If the alcohol made from dates has an intoxicating effect then it is classified as being khamr (an alcoholic drink). The saying of those who say that the alcohol made from grapes is only called khamr is false rather anything which makes you intoxicated is called khamr whether it is in small amounts or large amounts. 

6) Khamr (alcohol) is also impure like all other impure things. See at-Tamhid (1/245)

7) It is not allowed to own, buy or sell alcohol.

8) If vinegar is made from alcohol then it is not allowed to use it because the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) prohibited doing that. If the vinegar forms naturally then it is allowed to use it because vinegar itself is halal. 

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