Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
The Difference Between A Mu’min And Muslim
al-Imam Abu Abdillah Muhamad Ibn Amir Ibn Abi Bakr al-Gasuli informed us and read it to me in the year 682 Hijri, Abul Barakat Dawud Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhamad Ibn Mula’ib informed us, it was read to him, Abul Fadal Muhamad Ibn Umar Ibn Yusuf al-Armawi informed us, it was read to him, Abul Gana’im Abdusamad Ibn Ali Ibn Muhamad Ibn al-Ma’mun informed us, Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Umar Ibn Ahmad Ibn Mahdi ad-Daraqutni informed us, Abdullah Ibn Muhamad Ibn Abdilaziz al-Bagawi narrated to us, Salih Ibn Hatim Ibn Wardan narrated to us, al-Mu’tamir Ibn Sulaiman narrated to us, Abdurazaq narrated to me, from Ma’mar, from Zuhri, from Amir Ibn Sa’d, from his father he said,
“I said, O Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), you gave (wealth from the ganima) to so and so and didn’t give it to so and so whilst he is a Mu’min. He (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Or Muslim”.
He died in the month of Jamadul Akhirah in the year 684 Hijri and he was around 80 years old.
[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [SAHIH]
Ibn Taymiyah narrated this hadith through the chain of Abdullah Ibn Muhamad al-Bagawi and Muhamad Ibn Abdurahman al-Mukhalis narrated it from Bagawi. (al-Mukhlisiyat 2/83 no.1073)
Also Bukhari (no.27 and Zuhri clarified hearing this hadith with him in hadith no.1478) and it has also been narrated by Muslim (no.150)
This narration is a very summarised version. The narration in Sahih Bukhari hadith no.27 is as follows:
Narrated Sa’d (Radi Allahu Anhu), “Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) distributed (the wealth from ganima) amongst (a group of) people while I was sitting there but Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) left a man whom I thought the best of the lot. I asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! Why have you left that person? By Allah I regard him as a faithful believer.” The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) commented: “Or merely a Muslim.” I remained quiet for a while, but could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. And then asked Allah’s Messenger (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), “Why have you left so and so? By Allah! He is a faithful believer.” The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) again said, “Or merely a Muslim.” And I could not help repeating my question because of what I knew about him. Then the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “O Sa’d! I give to a person while another is dearer to me, for fear that he might be thrown on his face in the Fire by Allah.”
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1. Depending on the context, Iman and Islam can have the same meaning as well as a different meaning. When they are compared and have a different meaning then someone being described as a Mu’min is superior than someone who is being described as a Muslim.
2. You should not say that a particular person is a 100% Mu’min when you do not have a Sharia evidence to back that up.
3. If you have knowledge about a particular thing then you should say it at the appropriate time during a gathering.
4. An opinion becomes rejected in comparison to a Marfu hadith.
[BIOGRAPHY OF THE NARRATOR OF THE HADITH]
Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas (Radi Allahu Anhu)
A summarised comprehensive biography of Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas (Radi Allahu Anhu) is as follows:
Name and lineage:
Abu Ishaq Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas: Malik Ibn Ahib or Wahib Ibn Abd Munaf Ibn Zuhrah Ibn Kilab Ibn Marah Ibn Ka’b Ibn Lawe Ibn Galib al-Qurashi az-Zuhri (Radi Allahu Anhu)
Ibrahim Ibn Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas, Ibrahim Ibn Abdurahman Ibn Awf, Jabir Ibn Samurah (Radi Allahu Anhu), Sa’ib Ibn Yazid (Radi Allahu Anhu), Sa’id Ibn al-Musayib, Amir Ibn Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas, Abdullah Ibn Abas (Radi Allahu Anhu), Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu), Qays Ibn Abi Hazim, Mus’ab Ibn Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas, Abu Uthman an-Nahdi and A’isha Bint Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas and other than them.
1. He is from the 10 companions who were given the glad tidings in this world of having Janah. (Sunan at-Tirmidhi no.3727 and its chain is [Sahih] authentic)
2. He became a Muslim in the early days of Islam meaning he is from the as-Sabiqun al-Awalun minal Muhajirin (the early reverts to Islam from the emigrates). (See Sahih Bukhari no.3727)
3. During the battle of Uhud the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said to him, “May my father and mother be scarified for you.” (Sahih Bukhari no.4055, Sahih Muslim no.2412 / no.6237)
4. Some ayat of the Quran were revealed due to him. (See Sahih Muslim no.1748 / no.6238)
5. Allah accepted his duas i.e. he was a person whose duas were accepted. (See Tarikh Dimishq of Ibn Asakir 22/233 – 234 and its chain is [Sahih] authentic)
6. He conquered Iran and was the commander for the Muslim army which defeated the Persians during the famous victorious battle of Qadisiyah.
7. He used to stay away from all fitnas (and tribulations).
There are many more virtues of him. See the virtues of the companions in accordance to authentic narrations. (pg no. 70 – 73)
He died on the 55 of Hijri at a place called Aqiq. (Radi Allahu Anhu)