Bukharai

Sahīh Bukhārī –:– Kitāb ul-ʾItisām Bil-Kitāb Was-Sunnah – Book Of Holding Firmly To The Book (Qur’ān) And Sunnah – Part 4

Sahīh Bukhārī

Kitāb ul-ʾItisām Bil-Kitāb Was-Sunnah

Book Of Holding Firmly To The Book (Qurān) And Sunnah 

Part 4

Compiled by Abu Ubaydah

Misʾar

He is Misʾar Bin Kidām Bin Ḍhuhayr Bin Ubaydah Bin al-Harith.

The Shaykh of al-Irāq Abū Salamah al-Hilālī, al-Kūfī, the Ḥafidh. 

The teachers who he narrates hadīth from are the likes of:

  • Qatadah Bin Du’amah
  • Qays Bin Muslim 
  • Abi Ishaq as-Sabi’i
  • and a great number of others

His students who narrate hadīth from him are the likes of:

  • Sufyān Bin Uyaynah
  • Yahya al-Qatan
  • Wakiʾ
  • Yazīd Bin Harūn
  • ʾAbdullah Bin al-Mubārak
  • and many others  

His virtues are:

Yahya Bin Saʾid al-Qattān said,”I have not seen anyone like Misʾar, he was the most firm and resolute of people.”

Ahmad Bin Hanbal said,”Ath-Thiqah like Shuʾba and Misʾar.”

Hishām Bin Urwah said,”We haven’t come across anyone greater in virtue from Irāq than Ayūb as-Sakhtīyānī and Misʾar.”

Yahya Bin Maʾīn said,”Misʾar did not travel to learn hadīth.” Aḍh-Dhahabī said in response to the saying of Yahya Bin Maʾīn, “Yes, (becuase) most of the ahadīth he narrates (and studied) are from the people of his country, except for Qatadah (Bin Duʾamah) which he travelled to him (to obtain).”

Shuʾba Bin al-Hajāj said,”We used to call Misʾar The Mushaf because of his perfectionism and precision.”

Abu Maʾmar al-Qatīʾī said, it was said to Sufyān Bin Uyaynah, “Who is the most virtuous from those who you have seen?” so he said, “Misʾar…” and Shuʾba said,”Misʾar for the Kufīs is similar to what the Basrīs think of Ibn Awn…”

Yaʾla Bin Ubayd said,” Knowledge and piety was indeed combined in Misʾar.”

Ibn Samak said,”I saw Misʾar at night so I said to him which (good) deed do you find the most beneficial?” So he said, “The ḍhikr remembrance of Allah.”

Abu Zurʾah ar-Rāzī said, I heard Abu Nuʾaym say, “Misʾar is the most resolute, then Sufyān (ath-Thawrī) then Shuʾbah.”

(Siyar ʾAlām an-Nubalā, vol no.7, pg no.174)

adh-Dhahabī said, Zakariya Bin Adi asked Wakīʾ, “O Abu Sufyān these ahadīth like the hadīth of the Kursī…and similar like this (how shall we narrate them?)” so he said,”Ismaʾīl Bin Abī Khālid, Thawrī and Misʾar used to narrate these ahadīth without interpreting any part of them.”

(al-Uluw of Dhahabī, pg no.146. no.396)

Bukharī said, Sadaqa said, Ibn Uyayna conveyed to us, Misʾar said,”I do not know anyone who has more knowledge from the knowledge of Ibn Masʾūd (Raḍi Allāhū ʾAnhū) than al-Masʾūdi (He is ʾAbdurahmān Bin ʾAbdullah al-Masʾūdi).”

(Tarikh ul-Kabir, no.994)

Khatīb al-Bagdādī said, Misʾar said,”There is no one who is more knowledge of the hadīth of Ibn Masʾūd more than al-Masʾūdi.”

(Tarīkh Bagdād, vol no.10, pg no.218)

Misʾar said,”There was not anyone greater in virtue than ʾAmr Bin Murah in Kūfa.”

(Mizān ul-Iʾtidāl, vol no.3, pg no.291)

Misʾar said,”I have not seen Mūsa al-Juhani except that he is better the next day then the previous day.”

(Tahḍhīb at-Tahḍhīb, vol no.10, pg no.316)

aḍh-Ḍhahabī said, Sufyān (Bin Uyayna) said,”I said to Misʾar, who is the most firm and resolute in hadīth from those you have seen?” so he said,”I have not seen the likes of al-Qāsim Bin Abdurahmān and ʾAmr Bin Dīnār.”

(Siyar ʾAlām an-Nubalā, bol no.5, pg no.302)

Abu Nuʾaym al-Isbahānī said, Misʾar said,”I travelled to Ibn Hittān at Makkah, then we turned away from him (after) what he mentioned.”

(Hilyatul Awlīyā, vol no.5, pg no.255)

Ibn Hittān was from the leaders of the Khawarij that’s why Mis’ar tuned away from him because of his wrong beliefs. 

Abul Qaṣim al-Lālikāʾī said, Mālik Abū Hishām said,”I was arrested along with Misʾar, then a man form the Rāfida came and said something which I could not remember then Misʾar said to him ʾGet away from me because you are a Shaytān.”

(Sharh Usūl al-Iʾtiqād, vol no.8, pg no.1544, no.2809)

Abū Nuʾaym al-Isbahānī said, Misʾar said,”Indeed Abu Jād the heretic denied al-Qadr.”

(Hilyatul Awlīyā, vol no.7, pg no.256, no.10435)

It is said that Misʾar was a measure and baseline when it came to hadīth judgement. Hence he was given the nickname Mīzān (weigh scale).

(Tahḍhīb at-Tahḍhīb, vol no.10, pg no.316)

Other Muhadithīn would refer back to Misʾar in order to get clarity of the authenticity of a hadīth as mentioned by Ibrahīm Bin Saʾd said,”When Shuʾba and Sufyān ath-Thawrī differed (in hadīth) they used to go to the Mizān meaning Misʾar.

(Taḍhkiratul Huffāḍh, vol no.1, pg no.170)

Rarely do you find a Muhadith whose hadīth have not been queried. Misʾar was an exception due to the fact that he was accurate in all of his hadīth except 1.

Abū Nuʾaym said, Misʾar was very precautious and critical of his own hadīth to the extent that he became apprehensive about them however he still did not make any errors in regards to them (because of his precision and continuous due diligence).

Sulaymān Bin Mihrān ʾAʾmash said, Misʾars Shaytān (Qarīn) tried to weaken him by making him become apprehensive about his hadīth.

(Taḍhkiratul Huffāḍh, vol no.1, pg no.114)

However his apprehension of his hadīth caused him to raise the quality, accuracy and precision of them so much so that the Muhadithīn said that his apprehension is similar to the certainty of others.

Misʾar was so meticulous and careful about his hadīth that he said.”(I treat them as though) they are like balancing glass bottles on my head and they can fall down and break at any moment (if I do not be extremely cautious and careful in keeping them balanced).

(Taḍhkiratul Huffāḍh, vol no.1, pg no.169, 170)

Misʾars mother was a very pious lady. Her abundance of worship had a deep impact on Misʾar. His mother used to pray Salah in the Masjid and most of the time both mother and son would go to the Masjid together and he would carry a prayer mat made of felt for her. When they would reach the Masjid he would put down the felt mat for her on which she would stand on and pray Salah. Misʾar would then go to another part of the Masjid and pray his Salah. When he would complete praying he would sit at the teaching place and everyone would gather around him for the hadith lectures. Misʾar would teach the hadith and by the time his mother would complete her worship he would finish teaching hadith. He would then pick up the felt prayer mat and go home with her. They would only have 2 abodes, the Masjid and their home. Due to his abundance of worship he ended up having a really big mark on his forehead which looked like the knee of a camel.

(Tabaqāt Ibn Saʾd, vol no.6, pg no.353, 354)

His Death

When Misʾar was on his deathbed Sufyān ath-Thawrī went to visit him and saw that he looked very worried. So he said to him it looks like you are very worried about death, whilst I am always prepared for it and ready for it even now. So Misʾar said to the people who were present to let Sufyān ath-Thawrī sit down. So Sufyān sat down and then repeated what he said before. So Misʾar said are you confident and have complete assurance of your own deeds (that you definitely know where you will go in the hereafter). As for me I feel that my own condition is as though I am standing on the cliff of a mountain and I do not know how I will fall off it and where I will land. When Sufyān heard this he cried and said you surely fear Allah more than me my brother.

(Tabaqāt al-Kubrā Shaʾrānī, pg no.106, 107 no.97)

It is said that he died around 155 Hijrī.

(Taḍhkiratul Huffāḍh, vol no.1, pg no.170)

and Allah knows best

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