Bukharai

Sahīh Bukhārī –:– Kitāb ul-ʾItisām Bil-Kitāb Was-Sunnah – Book Of Holding Firmly To The Book (Qurān) And Sunnah – Part 2

Sahīh Bukhārī

Kitāb ul-ʾItisām Bil-Kitāb Was-Sunnah

Book Of Holding Firmly To The Book (Qurān) And Sunnah 

Part 2

Compiled by Abu Ubaydah

al-Humaydī

He is ʾAbdullāh Bin az-Zubayr Bin ʾIsa Bin ʾUbaydullāh Bin Usāma Bin ʾAbdullāh Bin Humayd Bin Zuhayr Bin al-Hārith Bin Asad Bin ʾAbd al-Uza. 

The Imām, Hāfiḍh, Faqīh, Shaykh of the Haram, resisding in Makkāh.

His Kunyā was Abu Bakr and is famously known for authoring al-Musnad which is a book of hadīth categorised by the name of companions.

His teachers who he narrates hadīth from are the likes of:

  • Fudayl Bin Iyād
  • Sufyān Bin Uyaynah
  • Walīd Bin Muslim
  • Wakī
  • ash-Shafiʾi
  • and others

His students who narrate hadīth from him are the likes of Bukhārī who narrated the first hadīth in Sahih Bukhārī  from him. Others are:

  • Dhuhalī
  • Yaʾqūb al-Fasawī
  • Abu Zurʾah ar-Razī
  • Abu Hātim ar-Razī
  • Bishr Bin Mūsa who also narrates Humaydīʾs booked called Usūl as-Sunnah
  • and many others 

His virtues are:

Imām Ahmad said, “We consider al-Humaydī an Imām .”

Abu Hātim said, “The most reliable of people (in narrating) from (Sufyān) Ibn Uyaynah is al-Humaydī.”

Yaʾqūb al-Fasawī said, “We narrated from al-Humaydī and I did not meet anyone more sincere to Islām and itʾs people than him.”

Muhammad Bin Ishāq al-Marwazī said, “I heard Ishāq Bin Rāhūya saying ʾThe Imāms of our time are, ash-Shafiʾi, al-Humaydī and Abu Ubayd.”

al-Farbarī said, Muhammad Bin al-Mahlab al-Bukharī narrated to us, Humaydī narrated to us, he said, “By Allah, that I fight against those who reject the hadith of the Messenger (Ṣallalāhū ʿAlaīhī Wa Sallam) is more beloved to me than if I was to fight against (a great) number of Turks (non-Muslims).”

(Siyar Aʾlām an-Nubalā, vol no. 10, pg no. 617)

His books that are known are:

  • al-Musnad 
    • It is a book of hadīth that is published and available. At the end of it, this contains a small treatise called Usūl as-Sunnah.
  • ad-Dalāil
    • As mentioned by Hājī Khalīfa in Kashf Dhunūn pg no. 1814
  • at-Tafsīr 
    • As mentioned by Ibn Abi Hātim in Jarh Wa Tadīl vol no.8, pg no. 40
  • ar-Rad ʾAla Nuʾmān
    • As mentioned by Ibn Abī Hātim in Jarh Wa Tʾadīl vol no.8, pg no. 40 and parts of it are referenced in other books as well as testifications that people heard this book and narrated it such as Bayhaqī said after a hadīth, “And Humaydī narrated it in the book ar-Rad from Sufyān from ʾAla Bin Abdurahmān, from his father, from Abu Hurayra (Rādī Allāhū Anhū) that the Messenger of Allah (Ṣallalāhū ʿAlaīhī Wa Sallam) said, “Every Salāh in which the Fātiha is not recited then it is deficient.” He said, I said, O Abu Hurayra indeed I hear the recitation of the Imām. So he said, O Persian, or O son of a Persian, read it in you heart. Abu Saīd narrated it to us, Abu Bakr al-Barbaharī narrated it to us, Bishr Bin Mūsa narrated it to us, Humaydī narrated it to us, then he mentioned the above narration. (Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqī, vol no.2, pg no.238)
    • Ibn Hibbān mentioned, “I heard al-Hasan Bin Uthmān Bin Ziyād saying. I heard Muhammad Bin Mansūr al-Jawāz saying, I saw al-Humaydī reading the book ar-Rad ʾAla Abī Hanīfa in the Masjid ul-Haram and he was saying, some people say such and such. So I said to him, how come you are not mentioning his name? He said, I dislike to mention it in the Masjid ul-Haram.(al-Majruhīn of Ibn Hibbān, vol no.3, pg no.70)
    • al-Khalāl has mentioned some of it in his book as-Sunnah through the chain of Hanbal Bin Ishāq from al-Humaydī

al-Humaydī is from the early scholars of hadīth whose principles in Usūl ul-Hadīth are relied on and used when carrying out Jarh Wa Taʾdīl. Ibn Salāh mentions in his book Mʾarifat ʾAnwā ʾIlm al-Hadīth in the category of characteristic of those whose transmission is accepted and those whose transmission is rejected, and the allied subjects of impugning and discrediting and testifying and accreditation that, “The transmitter who repents from telling lies in the hadīth of the people and from other forms of wrongdoing his transmission is accepted unless he is repenting from deliberately lying in the hadīth of the Messenger (Ṣallalāhū ʿAlaīhī Wa Sallam) in which case his transmission may never be accepted even if his repentance is sincere. This is in accordance with what is reported form several including Ahmad Bin Hanbal and Abu Bakr al-Humaydī.” (An Introduction To The Science Of The Hadīth, pg no. 87, 88)

His Death

Muhammad Bin Saʾd said, “He died in the year 219 Hijrī at Makkah.” (Tabaqāt Ibn Saʾd, vol no.5, pg no.502)

Bukharī said the same about the date of his death. (Tarīkh Sagīr, vol no.2, pg no.339)

Ibn Hibbān mentioned that it was in the year 200 Hijrī. (ath-Thiqāt, vol no.8, pg no.341)

and Allah knows best

 

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