Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
Hadith Number 4
Everyone is Equal in the Court of Justice
Al-Faqih Saifudin Abu Zakariya Yahya Ibn Abdur Rahman Ibn Najm Ibn Abdul Wahab al-Hanbali reported to us: and I read it to him and I heard it on the day of Juma on the 10th of Shawal in the year 669 Hijri, and Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdul Mun’im Ibn al-Qawas, and Mu’amal Ibn Muhammad al-Basili and Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr al-‘Amiri in at-Tarikh, and Abul Abas Ahmad Ibn Shayban , and Abu Bakr Ibn Muhammad al-Harawi, and Abu Zakariya Yahya Ibn Abi Mansur Ibn as-Sayrafi and Abul Faraj Abdur Rahman Ibn Salman al-Baghdadi, and ash-Shams Ibn Zayn, and Kamal Abdurahim, and Ibn al-Asqalani, and Zaynab Bint Maki, and Situl Arab, the first one said, and Ibn Shayban and Zaynab: Abu Hafs Umar Ibn Muhammad Ibn Tabarzad reported to us, and al-Baqun said and Ibn Shayban Zayd Ibn al-Hasan al-Kindi reported to us, Zada Ibn as-Sayrafi, then he said, and Abu Muhammad Abdul Aziz Ibn Ma’ali Ibn Gunayma Ibn Manina and I read it to him and he said to all of us, al-Qadi Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Abdul Baqi Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari reported to us, and Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn Umar Ibn Ahmad al-Barmaki reported to us and Abu Muhammad Abdullah Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Ayub Ibn Masi reported to us, Abu Muslim Ibrahim Ibn Abdullah Ibn Muslim al-Kaji narrated to us, Muhammad Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari narrated to us, Humaid narrated to me, from Anas that Ar-Rabi, the daughter of An-Nadr, who was his paternal aunty, broke the tooth of a girl, and the relatives of Ar-Rabi` requested the girl’s relatives to accept the Irsh (compensation for wounds etc.) and forgive (the offender), but they refused. So, they went to the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) who ordered them to bring about retaliation. Then Anas bin An-Nadr, who was her brother, came and said, “O Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! Will the tooth of Ar-Rabi` be broken? No, by Him Who has sent you with the Truth, her tooth will not be broken.” The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “O Anas! Allah’s law ordains retaliation.” Later the relatives of the girl agreed and forgave her. The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “There are some of Allah’s slaves who, if they take an oath by Allah, are responded to by Allah (i.e. their oath is fulfilled).
Narrated by Bukhari from (Muhammad Ibn Abdullah) al-Ansari
He was born in the year 592 Hijri and died in the year 672 Hijri in the month of Shawal
[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [Sahih]
Hafidh Ibn Taymiya narrated this hadith from the chain of Abu Muslim Ibrahim Ibn Abdullah Ibn Muslim al-Kaji al-Kushi and Imam Tabarani also narrated it from Abu Muslim al-Kushi (al-Mu’jam al-Kabir 1/264 hadith no.768, 24/262 hadith no.664)
Abu Muslim al-Kushi narrated this hadith from Muhammad Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari and Imam Bukhari also narrated this hadith from Muhammad Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari from the clear hearing of Humaid at-Tawil (Sahih Bukhari no.2703)
Also see Juz hadith Muhammad Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (hadith no.20, al-Fawaid of Ibn Manda 1/30)
There are also other chains for this hadith. For example see Sahih Muslim (no.1675)
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1. The religion of Islam is a religion of justice and all people are equal in their rights in the judge’s court whether they are the rich or poor, free or slave and no one has an exception in the law rather everyone will be punished after proofs have been presented (and established on) them and in the same way everyone will be given their due right.
In one hadith it is mentioned that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said,
“Even if the daughter of Muhammad (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) stole then her hand would be cut off” (Sahih Bukhari no.2733, also see Sahih Muslim no.1689)
2. Anas Ibn Nadr (Radi Allahu Anhu) was a companion whose dua’s were accepted and this hadith establishes this virtue.
3. It is part of the human fitra to love and defend the close relatives.
4. If a person breaks someone else’s tooth then their tooth will be broken in retribution.
Also see Sura al-Ma’ida ayah no.45
5. The Prophets and Messengers (Alayhimusalam) are blameless, however from the umma it doesn’t matter how big a scholar it is or how pious or virtous they are, they can make a mistake, therefore it is not correct to blindly follow a person from the umma and neither it is correct to blindly believe them.
6. The paternal uncle of Anas Ibn Malik, Anas Ibn Nadr al-Khazraji al-Ansari (Radi Allahu Anhu) was martyred in the battle of Uhud.
[BIOGRAPHY OF THE NARRATOR OF THE HADITH]
Anas Ibn Malik al-Ansari (Radi Allahu Anhu)
A Summarised comprehensive discussion of Anas Ibn Malik al-Ansari (Radi Allahu Anhu) is as follows:
Name and lineage:
Abu Hamza Anas Ibn Malik Ibn Nadr Ibn Damdam Ibn Zaid Ibn Haram Ibn Jundub Ibn Amir Ibn Ganam Ibn Adi Ibn an-Najar al-Ansari an-Najari al-Madani (Radi Allahu Anhu).
His mother’s name is Um Salim Malika Bint Milhan Ibn Khalid Ibn Zaid Ibn Haram (Radi Allahu Anha) and his step father’s name is Abu Talha al-Ansari Zaid Ibn Sahl (Radi Allahu Anhu)
10 years before the Hijra of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) (3rd year of Prophethood)
Ishaq Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abi Talha, Abu Umama As’ad Ibn Sahl Ibn Hanif (Radi Allahu Anhu), Isma’il Ibn Abdur Rahman as-Sudi, Isma’il Ibn Muhammad Ibn Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas, Anas Ibn Sirin, Buraid Ibn Abi Maryam, Bakr Ibn Abdullah al-Muzani, Thabit al-Banani, Thumama Ibn Abdullah Ibn Anas Ibn Malik, Hasan Basri, Humaid at-Tawil, Humaid Ibn Hilal al-Adawi, Rabi’a Ibn Abi Abdur Rahman, Abul ‘Aliya Rafi’ ar-Riyahi, Zubair Ibn ‘Adi, Zaid Ibn Aslam, Sa’id Ibn Jubayr, Sa’id Ibn Abi Sa’id al-Maqbari, Sa’id Ibn al-Musayib, Sulayman Ibn Turkhan at-Taymi, Samak Ibn Harb, ‘Amir ash-Shu’ba, Abu Qilaba Abdullah Ibn Zaid al-Jurmi, Abdur Rahman Ibn Abi Layla, Abdul Aziz Ibn Rafi’, Abdul Aziz Ibn Suhayb, Amr Ibn Abi Amr, Qatada Ibn Du’ama, Muhammad Ibn Sirin, Muhammad Ibn Ka’b al-Qurdhi, Muhammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri, Muhammad Ibn al-Munkadar, Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn Hibban, Mukhtar Ibn Falfal, Makhul Shami, Nafi’ Abu Galib al-Bahili, Na’im al-Mujmar, Abu Majlaz lahaq Ibn Humaid, Yahya Ibn Abi Kathir and Abu Salama Ibn Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf and other than them, Rahimahullah Ajma’in.
From the women Hafsa Bint Sirin and other than her were part of his students also. Rahimahallah
1. He served the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) for 10 years.
2. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said about him, “O Allah! increase his wealth and offspring, and bless (for him) whatever you give him.” (Sahih Bukhari no.6334, Sahih Muslim no.2480, Darusalam (numbering) no.6372)
This dua was accepted and he had children, nieces, nephews and grandchildren totalling to near a 100. (See Sahih Muslim no.2481, Darusalam (numbering) no.6376)
3. Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “Allah’s Messenger (Salllahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) invoked three blessings upon me. I have seen (the results) of the two in this very world (in regard to wealth and progeny) and I hope to see (the result) of the third one in the Hereafter.” (Sahih Muslim no.2481, Darusalam (numbering) no.6377)
4. He was a keeper of the secrets of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) (See Sahih Bukhari no.6289, Sahih Muslim no.2482, Darusalam numbering no.6378 to 6379)
5. He said, “The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) made every dua for my dunya and akhira and no one from the Ansar has more wealth than me. (Musnad Ahmad 3/108 hadith no.12053, and the hadith is authentic)
The narrations of Humaid at-Tawil from Anas Ibn Malik through Thabit al-Banani or from hearing himself are authentic.
6. Um Salim (Radi Allahu Anha) said about her son Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) that he is an intelligent boy. (Tahdhib al-Kamil 1/292 and it is an authentic hadith)
7. It is established from one hadith that Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) was present at the battle of badr even though he was of a young age and was serving the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). (See Tahdhib al-Kamil 1/293, Sira A’lam an-Nubala 3/397-398 and other than them)
8. Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) said (in a specific era), “I haven’t seen anyone more resembling the salah of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) except Anas” (Musnad Ali Ibn Ja’d:no.1366, and its chain is Sahih, Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/20-21 and its chain is Sahih)
9. Once there was a drought and there was a dire necessity for water for the crops. Then Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) made dua and it immediately became cloudy and started raining. (See Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/21 and its chain is Hasan and there is another route on pg. 21-22 and its chain is Hasan)
This narration has been mentioned by Abul Abas Ja’far Ibn Muhamad al-Mustagfari (Died 432 Hijri) in Dala’il an-Nubuwa. (Dala’il an-Nubuwa of al-Mustagfari 2/646-647 hadith no.460 and its chain is Hasan)
10. Abu Talha (Radi Allahu Anhu) said about Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) (who was his stepson), “(He is an) intelligent boy” (Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/19, and its chain is Sahih)
11. His grapes used to bear fruit twice a year. (Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/20 and its chain is Hasan)
His garden used to give fruit twice in a year and this garden had basil plants, which used to give a musk like smell. (Sunan at-Tirmidhi: no.3833, and he said, “Hasan Garib” and its chain is Sahih)
12. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said to Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu), “O my son” (Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/20, and its chain is Sahih)
13. Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) said (in one era), “There is no one present alive who has prayed towards two Qiblas (Baytul Maqdis and Baytullah) except me” (Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/20, and its chain is Sahih)
14. Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “I see my beloved (the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) every night (in a dream)” then he started crying. (Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/20 and its chain is Sahih)
15. Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) narrated that a man asked the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) about the Hour (i.e. Day of Judgment) saying, “When will the Hour be?” The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “What have you prepared for it?” The man said, “Nothing, except that I love Allah and His Apostle (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).” The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “You will be with those whom you love.” We had never been so glad as we were on hearing that saying of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) (i.e., “You will be with those whom you love.”) Therefore, I love the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), Abu Bakr and Umar (Radi Allahu Anhuma), and I hope that I will be with them because of my love for them though my deeds are not similar to theirs. (Sahih Bukhari no.3688, Sahih Muslim no.2639)
A whole book is needed to write the virtues and merits of Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) since he has a lot of them.
Knowledge of narrations:
He narrated 2286 ahadith. 180 of them are in the Sahihayn. (Sira A’lam an-Nubala 3/406)
There are four narrations attributed to him in al-Arba’un Fil Hath Alal Jihad of Ibn Asakir, no.16; no.26; no.31 and no.37.
In the Battle Field:
He was present in the battle of Badr even though he didn’t reach the age of puberty and was serving the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and the other companions.
Is’haq Ibn Uthman al-Kulabi (Thiqa – trustworthy) asked Musa Ibn Anas Ibn Malik, “How many battles did Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) participate in with the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)? And he replied, “Eight battles” (at-Tarikh al-Kabir of al-Bukhari 1/398 no.1266, and its chain is Sahih)
He participated in battles (for e.g. the conquering of Tustur) even after the death of the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)
From the saying of Qadhi Muhamad Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari he was 107 years old. (Tabaqat Ibn Sa’d 7/25)
Abu Ja’far Muhamad Ibn Ali al-Baqir said, “I saw Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu) and he had leprosy. On his body he had very white leprosy marks. (Tarikh Dimishq of Ibn Asakir 9/376 and its chain is Sahih)
Ujayli said, “From the Prophet’s (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) companions, only 2 of them got leprosy. Mua’qib and Anas Ibn Malik” (at-Tarikh al-Mash-hur bi-Thiqat: no.1613)
Whatever type of difficulty or illness happens to a Muslim with the correct aqida, it becomes an expiation of sins and Allah makes it a means of forgiving them. (See Sahih Bukhari, Book of Patients, Chapter: Sickness is expiation for sins hadith no.5640 – no.5647)
Some misguided people do propaganda and say that the reason why Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) got leprosy is because of the curse of Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu). This saying has no basis. (See Kitab al-Ma’arif of Ibn Qutayba Chapter of Leprosy pg. 130, volume 1, Shamila)