Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
A True Dream
ash-Shaikh Fakhrudin Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Ahmad Ibn Abdilwahid Ibn Ahmad Ibn Abdirahman Ibn Isma’il Ibn Mansur Ibn al-Bukhari al-Maqdisi and it was read to him in the year 681 Hijri, and ash-Shaikh Shamsudin Abdurahman Ibn Abi Umar in the year 668 Hijri informed us and [they both said]*, Abul Mahasin Muhamad Ibn Kamil Ibn Ahmad at-Tanukhi informed us, it was read to him, Abu Muhamad Tahir Ibn Sahl Ibn Bishr [al-Isfara’ini] informed us, Abul Qasim al-Husain Ibn al-Hasan Ibn Muhamad Ibn Ibrahim al-Hina’i informed us, Abul Hasan Abdulwahab Ibn al-Walid Ibn Musa Ibn Rashid Ibn Khalid Ibn Yazid Ibn Abdillah al-Kilabi narrated to us, from his words, Abu Bakr Muhamad Ibn Khuraim Ibn Marwan al-Uqayli informed us, it was read to him and i heard it, Abul Walid Hisham Ibn Amar Ibn Nusair Ibn Maysarah as-Sulami informed us, Malik Ibn Anas narrated to us, Ishaq Ibn Abdillah Ibn Abi Talha narrated to us, from Anas Ibn Malik, that Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said,
“A good dream (that comes true) of a righteous man is one of forty-six parts of prophetism.”
Narrated by al-Bukhari from al-Qa’nabi from Malik (Ibn Anas)
He was born in Salkh in the year 590 Hijri. He died in the month of Rabi’ul Akhir in the year 690 Hijri.
[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [SAHIH]
Ibn Taymiyah narrated this hadith through the chain of Abul Qasim al-Husna’i and this is present in al-Huna’is al-Husaniyat (2/809, hadith no.151/159, and he said, this hadith is [Sahih] authentic). Also it has been narrated by Ibn Majah (no.3893) from Hisham Ibn Amar and Bukhari (no.6983) from another chain through Imam Malik.
This narration is present in Muwatta Imam Malik (Yahya Ibn Yahya’s narration 2/956, Ibn al-Qasim’s narration no.121)
* from the manuscript
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1. There are many types of prophetism such as: revelation, the coming of Jibra’il (Alayhisalam) (in his true form), direct speech (of Allah such as what happened to Musa (Alayhisalam), speech (of Allah) behind a barrier, inspiration (ilham), intuition (kashf), Angels coming in the form of humans with revelation, obtaining knowledge of the unseen, true dreams etc. After the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) came and left this world all the types of prophetism have been finished and disconnected except for true dreams of a righteous person which he occasionally sees. This does not mean that if someone sees true dreams then that makes him a Prophet or Messenger rather the door of prophetism and messengership has been closed all the way till the day of Judgement. Now there will be no new Prophet or Messenger that will be born.
2. A lot madhabs of the ahlul bida’h are dependant upon false, fabricated and satanic dreams through which they end up rejecting the Quran, hadith and ijma.
3. It is not necessary that the dream is exact and letter to letter or that every dream has to be a true one, rather an interpretation of it is possible. It may be possible that dreams may contain symbols, signs or parables etc.
4. The famous credible Imam Qadhi Abu Ja’far Ahmad Ibn Ishaq Ibn Bahlul Ibn Hasan Ibn Sinan at-Tanukhi al-Bagdadi (died 318 Hijri) said, “I was on the madhab of the Iraqis (i.e. ahlul ra’i hanafi). I saw the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) in a dream praying salah. I saw him (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) performing Rafyul Yadain during the first takbir, whilst going into ruku and whilst bringing his head up and coming up from ruku. (Sunan ad-Daraqutni 1/292 hadith no.1112, and it’s chain is [Sahih] authentic)
It is obvious and apparent that the Hanafis do not accept or believe this righteous person’s true dream. Therefore it is established that any dream of a person from the ummah who came after the noble companions (Radi Allahu Anhum) is not a proof even if he says that he saw the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).
Ustadh Abdul Humaid Azhar said, “It is strange that the Hanafis do not accept this righteous person’s true dream whilst it is supported by Sahih and mutawatir ahadith.”
5. See hadith no.4 for the biography of the narrator of the hadith.