Picture1

40 Hadith – Shaikh ul-Islam Imam Ibn Taymiyyah -:- Hadith No.16 – The Explanation Of Keeping A Pet Dog – By Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai [1435H]

Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh

Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai

Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari

The Explanation Of Keeping A Pet Dog

ash-Shaikh al-Imam al-Alim Qadhi ul-Qudha Shamsudin Abu Muhamad Abdullah Ibn Muhamad Ibn Ata Ibn Hasan al-Hanafi informed us, it was read to him and i heard it in the year 667 Hijri, and Abul Abas Ibn Alan, and Abul Abas Ibn Shayban, they said Abu Ali Hanbal Ibn Abdillah Ibn al-Faraj ar-Rasafi informed us, it was read to him, Abul Qasim Hibatullah Ibn Muhamad Ibn Abdilwahid Ibn al-Husain ash-Shaybani informed us, Abu Ali al-Hasan Ibn Ali Ibn Muhamad Ibn al-Mudh-hib at-Tamimi informd us, Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Ja’far Ibn Hamdan Ibn Malik al-Qati’i informed us, Abu Abdirahman Abdullah Ibn al-Imam Abi Abdillah Ahmad Ibn Muhamad Ibn Hanbal ash-Shaybani may Allah be pleased with him narrated to us, Abi Ahmad Ibn Muhamad narrated to me, Sufyan narrated to me, from Abdillah Ibn Dinar, I heard [Ibn]*[1] Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu), he said, the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said,

“Whoever keeps a (pet) dog which is neither a watch dog nor a hunting dog, will get a daily deduction of two Qirat from his good deeds.”

[Ibn Abdida’im informed us, Ibn Kulaib narrated to us, Ibn Bayan informed us, Ibn Makhlad informed us, as-Safar narrated to us, Ibn Urfah narrated to us, Marwan Ibn Mua’wiyah al-Fazari from Umar Ibn Hamzah al-Umri, Salim Ibn Abdillah informed us from Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) then he mentioned the hadith]

He was born in the year 595 Hijri. And he died in the month of Jamadil Ula in the year 683 Hijri

[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [SAHIH]

*[1] from the manuscript 

Ibn Taymiyah narrated this hadith through the chain of Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal and this is present in Musnad Ahmad (2/37 hadith no.4944). (Also see Juz Hasan Ibn Urfah no.58)

Sufyan Ibn Uyaynah clarified hearing this hadith in Musnad Humaydi (no.633). Additionally, Bukhari (no.5480) and Muslim (no.1574) and other than them have narrated it through the chain of Abdullah Ibn Dinar. (Dhahabi narrated it from Ibn Taymiyah in Muthaqa Juz Ibn Urfah no.7)  

[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]

1. There is an additional type of dog a person is allowed to keep which is mentioned in the Marfu hadith narrated by Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Anhu) which mentions ‘…except for a dog used in guarding livestock…’ (Sahih Bukhari no.2322, Sahih Muslim no.1575)

Therefore it is established that one is permitted to keep a dog for 3 reasons only:

1) A hunting dog

2) A watch dog  

3) A dog used in guarding livestock

2. It is haram to keep a fighting dog or for dog baiting (dog fighting)  

3. There is a type of hunting dog that can smell the scent of thieves etc. and help track them down. From the hadith above it is also allowed to keep this type of dog. And Allah knows best.    

4. The additional wording of a reliable narrator is classified as being credible and accepted.  

5. It is written “I heard Umar” in the original manuscript however this is incorrect, which has been corrected by Musnad Ahmad – wal-Hamdullilah [in the manuscript the words ‘May Allah be pleased with him’ are not present]

[BIOGRAPHY OF THE NARRATOR OF THE HADITH]  

Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu)

A Summarised comprehensive biography of Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) is as follows:

Name and lineage: 

Abu Abdurahman Abdullah Ibn Umar Ibn al-Khattab al-Qurashi al-Adawi al-Makki then al-Madani (Radi Allahu Anhu) 

Students:

Anas Ibn Sirin, Thabit al-Banani, Hasan Basri, Hamzah Ibn Abdullah Ibn Umar, Zadhan Abu Umar al-Kindi, Zayd Ibn Aslam, Salim Ibn Abdullah Ibn Umar, Sa’id Ibn Jubayr, Sa’id Ibn al-Musayib, Ta’us Ibn Kaysan, Amir Ibn Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqas, Urwah Ibn Zubayr, Ata Ibn Abi Rabah, Qasim Ibn Muhamad Ibn Abi Bakr, Mujahid Ibn Jubair, Muhamad Ibn Sirin, Nafi’, Abu az-Zubayr al-Makki, the children of Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) and a big amount of other people – Rahimahullah Ajma’in 

Virtues:

1. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) called him a “righteous man”. (Sahih Bukhari no.7029, Sahih Muslim no.2478) 

2. At the time of the battle of Badr he was not at the age of puberty. He participated in the battle of Khandaq and later he participated in other battles and the bay’ah of ar-Ridwan. 

3. Jabir Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (Radi Allahu Anhu) said, “All of us inclined towards the world when the world fell at our feet (meaning the world was granted to us and it became easily available to us) except for Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) and his son (Abdullah Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu)) (they did not become inclined towards the world whilst they were granted it easily). (al-Mustadrak 3/560 hadith no.6369 and it’s chain is authentic and al-Hakim authenticated on the conditions of Bukhari and Muslim and adh-Dhahabi agreed with him)    

4. Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri said, “Everyone’s opinion is nothing compared to the opinion of Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu). He lived for 60 years after the death of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). Nothing was hidden from him about the circumstances of the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and the companions (Radi Allahu Anhum). (to the end of the saying) – (al-Mustadrak 3/559 hadith no.6363, and its chain is good)

For more details regarding his virtues see my book: Tahqiqi Maqalat (vol.1, pg.325-338)

Knowledge Of Narrations:

There are 2630 ahadith with repetition in the Musnad of Imam Baqi Ibn Makhlad. There are 168 that are agreed upon. There are 81 ahadith in Sahih Bukhari without repetition and in Sahih Muslim there are 31 ahadith without repetition. (Siyar ‘Alam an-Nubala 3/238) 

Death:

He died in the year 73 Hijri or 74 Hijri. 

Check Also

ittihad-cover

[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.143 –:– It Is Necessary To Follow A Sequence (Order) In Hajj

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim Tahqiq, Takhrij, …

ittihad-cover

[Sharh Muwatta Imam Malik – Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai] – Hadith No.142 –:– The Tawaf Will Begin From The Hajri Aswad (Black Stone)

Itihaf ul-Basim Fi Tahqiq Muwatta al-Imam Malik [Talkhis al-Qabisi] Riwayah Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim Tahqiq, Takhrij, …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *