Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
Hadith Number 14
The Description Of Qiyam ul-Layl And Prohibition Of Exaggerating In Optional Types Of Worship
Al-Imam al-Musnad Zainudin Abul Abas Ahmad Ibn Abil Khair Salamah Ibn Ibrahim Ibn Salamah Ibn al-Hadad ad-Dimishqi informed us and read it to me and i heard it in the year 675 Hijri in the month of Rabial Awal, I said to him, I inform you (from) Abu Said Khalil Ibn Abi ar-Raja Ibn Abi Fath ar-Rarani the ijazah and it was read to my father and i heard it at Haran in the year 666 Hijri, Yusuf Ibn Khalil told you, ar-Rarani told us, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Hasan al-Hadad informed us, Abu Naim Ahmad Ibn Abdillah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Ishaq al-Hafidh, Abu Bakr Ahmad Ibn Yusuf Ibn Khalad informed us, al-Harith Ibn Abi Usama narrated to us, Abdullah Ibn Bakr narrated to us, Humaid narrated to us, from Anas Ibn Malik (Radi Allahu Anhu), he said,
The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) saw a rope hanging in between the two pillars of the Masjid. He (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “What is this rope?” The people said, “O Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), a lady (Zainab (Radi Allahu Anha)) prays salah whilst she has strength and does not feel tired, but when she feels tired, she holds onto the rope (to keep standing for the salah.)” The Prophet (Sallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “She should pray as long as she feels active (and awake), and when she gets tired (and sleepy), then she should go to sleep (and rest).”
He was born in Rabial Awal in the year 609 Hijri
And he died on the day of Ashura in the year 678 Hijri
[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [SAHIH]
Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (al-Musnad 3/204, hadith no.13121) Ibn Hiban (al-Ihsan: no.2484, 2578) and Hakim (al-Mustadrak 4/61 hadith no.6905) And other than them have narrated it from the chain of Humaid at-Tawil and this chain is authentic.
Also Bukhari (no.1150) and Muslim (no.784) and other than them have narrated it from the chain of Abdul Aziz Ibn Suhaib from Anas (Radi Allahu Anhu) with this meaning.
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1. In one hadith it is narrated that once the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) entered the Masjid and saw a rope hanging in between its two pillars. He (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “What is this rope for?” The people said, “This rope is for Zainab (Radi Allahu Anha) who, when she feels tired (from praying), holds it (to keep standing for the prayer.)” The Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Don’t use it. Remove the rope. You should pray (the optional prayers) as long as you feel active and have the energy, and when you get tired, sit down.” (Sahih Bukhari: no.1150, Sahih Muslim: no.784, darusalam: no.1831, Sahih Ibn Khuzaima: no.1180, Sahih Ibn Hiban: no.2483, newest manuscript: no.2492, Sahih Abi Awana 2/297 – 298 hadith no.2223, Mustakhraj Abi Na’im al-Isbahani 2/375 hadith no. 1780, Sharh as-Sunnah of al-Bagawi 4/59 hadith no.942 and he said: this hadith is agreed upon being authentic). It is established from here that the companion’s name was Zainab (Um ul-Mu’minin) (Radi Allahu Anhu).
2. A hadith is mentioned in comparison to this agreed upon authentic established hadith which says, “In the begnning when the Prophet (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) used to pray the salah he tied himself with a rope in order to not fall down due to becoming tired and sleepy. Because of this the following ayat were revealed, ‘Taha We have not sent down to you the Qur’an that you be distressed…’ (Surah Taha ayah no.1 – 2)” (Tabligi Nisab pg.389, Fada’il A’mal pg.360, Fada’il Namaz pg.82, Tarikh Dimishq of Ibn Asakir 4/99 – 100, other manuscript 4/143)
In the chain of this narration there is Abdul Wahab Ibn Mujahid who is an extremely [Majruh] criticised narrator. (For example see Nasb ur-Raya 2/253)
Hafidh Ibn Hajr said, “He is a matruk narrator and (Sufyan) ath-Thawri called him a liar.” (Taqrib at-Tahdhib no.4263)
From this we know that the narration is false and rejected.
3. The Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) did not know the unseen and neither did he know about the hidden knowledge of the past or future (on his own without revelation).
4. Major scholars of the Uma can make mistakes in ijtihad. Therefore it is not allowed to blind follow a person from the Uma, rather you should busy yourself in learning the Qur’an and sunnah based upon the understanding of the righteous predecessors and following the consensus of the Uma which has been accepted to be the truth and be ready to take this.
5. All the actions pertaining to the religion are rejected if they do not have proof from the Qur’an, sunnah and the consensus of the Uma. For example the fabricated innovative ways of praying by the Sufis, actions of worship which take you closer to Allah that do not have any proof and group assemblies of Dhikr and dancing, are all false and rejected.
6. For the biography of the narrator see hadith no.4