Tahqiq, Takhrij, Sharh
Muhadith Zubair Ali Zai
Translated Abu Ubaydah
Translated, Checked & Additional Notes
Abu Hibban & Abu Khuzaimah Ansaari
Hadith Number 13
The Explanation Of Reciting The Quran In A Quiet And Loud Voice
Ash-Shaikh al-Imam al-Muqri ar-Ra’is al-Fadil Kamal Udin Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn Ahmad Ibn Isma’il Ibn Faris at-Tamimi as-Sa’di read it and I heard it in the month of Ramadhan in the year 674 Hijri, informed us that: Abul Yaman Zaid Ibn al-Hasan Ibn Zaid al-Kindi informed us that: al-Qadhi Abu Bakr Muhamad Ibn Abdil Baqi al-Ansari informed us that: Abul Husain Muhamad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Hasnun an-Nursi informed us in the year 455 Hijri that: Abu Tahir Muhamad Ibn Abdurahman al-Mukhalis informed us that: Abul Qasim Abdullah Ibn Muhamad al-Bagawi narrated to us that: Shuraih Ibn Yunus, Muhamad Ibn Yazid al-Adami, Ibn Bazar and Harun Ibn Abdullah narrated to us and all said that: Ma’n narrated to us: from Mu’awiya Ibn Salih: from Bahir Ibn Sa’d: from Khalid Ibn Ma’dan: from Uqba Ibn Amir al-Juhani (Radi Allahu Anhu) he said that the Messenger of Allah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said,
“The one who recites the Qur’an quietly is like one who gives charity in secret. The one who recites the Qur’an loudly is like one who gives charity openly”
Akhbaranahu  Ahmad Ibn Abd ad-Da’im: Ibn Kulaib informed us that: Ibn Bayan informed us that: Ibn Makhlad narrated to us that: as-Safar informed us that: Ibn Urfa narrated to us that: Isma’il Ibn Ayash narrated to us from Bahir then he mentioned it.
He was born in the year 592 Hijri and died in the month of Safar in the year of 676 Hijri.
[GRADING AND REFERENCES] – [HASAN]
This narration is present in Sunan Nasa’i (no.2562), Musnad Ahmad (4/151 hadith no.17368, and its chain is [Hasan] good), Sahih Ibn Hibban (al-Ihsan: no.731, al-Muwarid: no.658, no.1791) etc. through the chain of Mu’awiya Ibn Salih.
The narration of Isma’il Ibn Ayash is present in Juz al-Hasan Ibn Urfa (no.84), Sunan Tirmidhi (no.2919 and he said: Hasan Garib), and Sunan Abi Dawud (no.1333) etc.
 Originally it is akhbarana, whilst in the manuscript it is akhbaranahu.
[UNDERSTANDING FROM THE HADITH]
1. It is more virtuous to recite the Qur’an in a low quiet voice if there is no Sharia compliant excuse or reason.
2. The humankind should do all of their good actions for the sake of Allah’s pleasure only, and should always save oneself from showing off.
[BIOGRAPHY OF THE NARRATOR OF THE HADITH]
Uqba Ibn Amir (Radi Allahu Anhu)
A Summarised comprehensive discussion of Uqba Ibn Amir (Radi Allahu Anhu) is as follows:
Name and lineage:
Abu Hamad Uqba Ibn Amir Ibn Abs Ibn Amr Ibn Adi Ibn Amr Ibn Rifa’a Ibn Mawdu’a Ibn Adi Ibn Ganam Ibn Rab’a Ibn Rashdan Ibn Qays Ibn Juhaina al-Juhani (Radi Allahu Anhu)
There is a lot of difference of opinion in his kunya: Abu Sa’ad, Abu Amir, Abu Amr, Abu Abs, Abu Asad, Abul Aswad.
Aslam Abu Imran at-Tajibi, Jabir Ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (Radi Allahu Anhu), Jubair Ibn Nafir al-Hadrami, Hasan Basri, Rab’i Ibn Harash, Sa’id al-Maqbari, Abu Umam Sudi Ibn Ajlan al-Bahili (Radi Allahu Anhu), Abdullah Ibn Abas (Radi Allahu Anhu), Abdurahman Ibn Shamasa al-Mahri, Ikrima Mawla Ibn Abas, Qasim Abu Abdurahman, Qais Ibn Abi Hazim, Kathir Ibn Mara al-Hadrami, Abu al-Khair Murshid Ibn Abdullah al-Yazni, Mushrih Ibn Ha’an al-Ma’afiri, Abu Idris al-Khawlani and Abu Sa’id al-Maqbari and other than them.
1. A companion (Radi Allahu Anhu)
4. Imam Muqri….he was a scholar, reciter, eloquent in giving speeches, Faqi, an expert in inheriting knowledge, a poet and had a great amount of diginity. (Sir A’lam an-Nubala 2/467)
5. He was present in the conquering of Egypt
6. He was from the companions of Sufa
Knowledge of narrations:
There are 55 ahadith of his in the Musnad of Baqi Ibn Makhlad.
There are 2 narrations attributed to him in al-Arba’un Fil Hath Alal Jihad of Ibn Asakir, no.22 and no.29
His grave is in Muqtam (Egypt). (Radi Allahu Anhu)